8 strokes
man, human 人 (亻)
submit, offer, present, serve (meal), accompany
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
313 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 供述 【キョウジュツ】 affidavit, deposition, testimony
  • 供給 【キョウキュウ】 supply, provision
  • 情報提供 【ジョウホウテイキョウ】 provision of information
  • 臓器提供 【ゾウキテイキョウ】 organ donation
  • 供養 【クヨウ】 memorial service for the dead, holding a service
  • 供物 【クモツ】 offering (e.g. to the gods), votive offering
  • 節句 【セック】 seasonal festival
  • 初節供 【ハツゼック】 baby's first annual festival
  • 供花 【キョウカ】 offering of flowers (at shrine, grave, etc.), floral tribute
  • 人身御供 【ヒトミゴクウ】 human sacrifice, victim
  • 供御 【クゴ】 emperor's meal
  • 供祭 【グサイ】 offerings, offerings and worship
  • 内供 【ナイグ】 inner offerer (any of the 10 high-ranking monks serving at the inner offering hall)
  • 応供 【オウグ】 arhat (meritorious person, esp. an epithet of Buddha)

Kun reading compounds

  • 供える 【そなえる】 to offer, to sacrifice, to dedicate
  • 供 【とも】 companion, follower, attendant, retinue
  • 共に 【ともに】 together, jointly, at the same time, with, as ..., including, along with, both
  • 酒のお供 【さけのおとも】 appetizer or snack served with drinks, accompaniment to an (alcoholic) drink


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1, gong4


  • ofrecer
  • entregar
  • expresar
  • mencionar
  • acompañante


  • submeter
  • oferecer
  • presentear
  • servir (refeição)
  • acompanhar


  • présenter
  • offrir
  • soumettre
  • proposer
  • accompagner
  • servir (plat)
  • pluriel cérémonieux
760 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
850 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
839 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
456 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
431 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
694 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
315 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
555 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
197 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
197 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
418 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
88 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
98 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
66 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
70 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1813 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
605 Morohashi
88 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
195 New Nelson (John Haig)
1796 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1935 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
340 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
861 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2161 2001 Kanji
2a6.13 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-6 SKIP code
2428.1 Four corner code
1-22-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f9b Unicode hex code