3 strokes
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
131 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 山 【サン】 Mt., Mount, temple
  • 山陰 【ヤマカゲ】 place in the shade of a mountain, shelter of the mountains, mountain recess
  • 治山 【チサン】 forest conservation, afforestation
  • 開山 【カイサン】 founding a temple (on a hill-top)
  • 山道 【ヤマミチ】 mountain road, mountain trail
  • 山海経 【センガイキョウ】 Classic of Mountains and Seas (classic Chinese text)
  • 雪山 【セツザン】 snowy mountain, permanently snow-covered mountain, Himalayas
  • 須弥山 【シュミセン】 Mount Sumeru (believed to be the centre of the Buddhist world)

Kun reading compounds

  • 山 【やま】 mountain, hill, mine (e.g. coal mine), heap, pile, crown (of a hat), thread (of a screw), tread (of a tire), protruding part of an object, high part, climax, peak, critical point, guess, speculation, gamble, criminal case, crime, mountain climbing, mountaineering, festival float (esp. one mounted with a decorative halberd), deck (of playing cards on table, face down, from which cards are drawn), stack, wall, wall tile, temple, temple grounds, wild
  • 山陰 【やまかげ】 place in the shade of a mountain, shelter of the mountains, mountain recess
  • 奥山 【おくやま】 remote mountain, mountain recesses
  • 青山 【せいざん】 lush mountain, green mountain, grave, burial place


Japanese names:
さ、 やの、 やん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • montaña


  • montanha


  • montagne
38 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
58 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
24 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
60 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1407 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
21 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
48 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
89 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
34 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
34 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
100 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
535 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3658 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1867 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2544 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
775 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7869 Morohashi
2940 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1439 New Nelson (John Haig)
768 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
830 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
148 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
17 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1276 2001 Kanji
3o0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-1 SKIP code
4-3-2 SKIP code
2277.0 Four corner code
1-27-19 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5c71 Unicode hex code