15 strokes
eat, food 食 (飠)
foster, bring up, rear, develop, nurture
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
888 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 養子 【ヨウシ】 adopted child (usu. male), son-in-law
  • 養育 【ヨウイク】 bringing up, rearing, upbringing
  • 供養 【クヨウ】 memorial service for the dead, holding a service
  • 培養 【バイヨウ】 culture, cultivation, cultivation (of plants), growing, raising, cultivation (e.g. of a skill), nurture (of democracy, national power, etc.), growth

Kun reading compounds

  • 養う 【やしなう】 to support, to maintain, to provide for, to bring up, to raise, to rear, to feed, to adopt (a child), to cultivate (a habit, a quality, etc.), to develop, to build up, to foster, to recuperate (from injury, illness, etc.)


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yang3, yang4


  • criar
  • mantener
  • cultivarse


  • alimentar
  • educar
  • cultivar
  • desenvolvee
  • nutrir


  • nourrir
  • élever
  • cultiver
  • soigner
  • développer
731 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
624 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
594 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
605 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3671 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
773 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1907 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2558 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
402 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
406 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
675 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1901 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2998 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1531 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2089 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1491 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44144 Morohashi
2365 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6691 New Nelson (John Haig)
1479 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1591 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
629 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
965 2001 Kanji
2o13.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-12 SKIP code
2-8-7 SKIP code
2-2-13 SKIP code
2-6-9 SKIP code
8073.2 Four corner code
1-45-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
990a Unicode hex code