10 strokes
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
collapse, fall into, cave in, fall (castle), slide into
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1154 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 陥落 【カンラク】 subsidence, sinking, cave-in, collapse, falling in, fall (of a city, fortress, etc.), surrender, fall (in position, rank, etc.), demotion, giving in (to someone's persuasion), yielding, being convinced
  • 陥没 【カンボツ】 cave-in, collapse, sinking, depression (e.g. of the skull), subsidence
  • 擠陥 【セイカン】 tempting into crime
  • 注意欠陥 【チュウイケッカン】 attention deficit

Kun reading compounds

  • 陥る 【おちいる】 to fall into (e.g. a hole), to fall into (chaos, depression, dilemma, illness, etc.), to fall into (a trap, etc.), to fall, to surrender, to capitulate
  • 陥れる 【おとしいれる】 to trap (into a difficult situation), to put (in a fix), to throw (e.g. into turmoil), to trick (into doing), to lure (into a trap), to frame (for a crime), to capture (a castle, fortress, etc.), to take, to reduce, to drop (something) into


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • hundirse
  • derrumbarse
  • caer
  • resbalarse
  • deslizarse


  • colapso
  • desmoronar
  • ruir
  • queda (castelo)
  • deslizamento


  • s'écrouler
  • piège
  • tomber dans
  • capituler
  • tomber (château)
  • glisser dans
1098 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1678 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4990 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1718 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1870 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1218 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1281 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1522 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
730 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
547 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
334 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
413 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1325 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41676P Morohashi
457 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6446 New Nelson (John Haig)
1315 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1412 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1401 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3678 2001 Kanji
2d7.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
7726.2 Four corner code
1-20-57 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9665 Unicode hex code