15 strokes
substance, quality, matter, temperament
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N4
389 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 質 【シツ】 quality, value, nature, inherent quality, character, logical quality
  • 質問 【シツモン】 question, inquiry, enquiry
  • タンパク質 【タンパクシツ】 protein
  • 変質 【ヘンシツ】 alteration (of character or essence), change in quality, transformation, deterioration, degeneration, transmutation, perversion (esp. sexual)
  • 質 【シチ】 pawn, pawned article, pledge, security, guarantee
  • 質屋 【シチヤ】 pawnshop
  • 入質 【ニュウシチ】 pawning
  • 流質 【リュウシチ】 forfeiting a pawned article
  • 入質 【ニュウシチ】 pawning
  • 流質 【リュウシチ】 forfeiting a pawned article

Kun reading compounds

  • 質 【たち】 nature (of a person), disposition, temperament, nature (of something), character, kind, sort
  • たちの悪い 【たちのわるい】 of bad character, ill-natured, nasty, vicious, wicked, malignant
  • 質す 【ただす】 to ask (about), to inquire, to enquire, to question, to make sure of


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi2, zhi4
jil, ji


  • substancia
  • contenido
  • simplicidad
  • calidad
  • depósito
  • custodia


  • substância
  • qualidade
  • matéria
  • temperamento


  • substance
  • matière
  • qualité
  • tempérament
628 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
726 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
699 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
369 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4518 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
325 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
253 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2395 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
176 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
176 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
238 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1737 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3483 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1796 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2445 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1146 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36833 Morohashi
2808 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5817 New Nelson (John Haig)
1137 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1219 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
359 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
808 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2661 2001 Kanji
7b8.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-8-7 SKIP code
2-13-2 SKIP code
7280.6 Four corner code
1-28-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8cea Unicode hex code