10 strokes
speech 言 (訁)
instruction, Japanese character reading, explanation, read
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1134 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 訓 【クン】 native Japanese reading of a Chinese character, precept, lesson, one's teachings
  • 訓示 【クンジ】 instruction, direction, briefing
  • 特訓 【トックン】 special training, intensive training, crash course
  • 校訓 【コウクン】 school precepts
  • 庭訓 【テイキン】 home education
  • 家訓 【カクン】 family precepts, family motto, rule of the home

Kun reading compounds

  • 読む 【よむ】 to read, to recite (e.g. a sutra), to chant, to predict, to guess, to forecast, to read (someone's thoughts), to see (e.g. into someone's heart), to divine, to pronounce, to read (e.g. a kanji), to decipher, to read (a meter, graph, music, etc.), to tell (the time), to count, to estimate, to read (a kanji) with its native Japanese reading
  • 訓む 【よむ】 to read (a kanji) with its native Japanese reading
  • 訓ずる 【くんずる】 to read kanji using its native Japanese pronunciation


Japanese names:
く、 くに、 くの、 さとし、 のり、 ふみ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • lección
  • lectura japonesa de un carácter


  • instrução
  • leitura Japonesa de caracteres
  • explicação
  • ler


  • instructions
  • lecture japonaise
  • explication
  • lire
764 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
489 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
656 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1059 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
613 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
894 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1148 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
771 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
785 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
951 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1661 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1844 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
975 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1322 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
347 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35238 Morohashi
1454 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5562 New Nelson (John Haig)
341 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
365 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
540 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3054 2001 Kanji
7a3.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-3 SKIP code
0260.0 Four corner code
1-23-17 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a13 Unicode hex code