Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
vegetable, side dish, greens
Kun:
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1327 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 菜 【サイ】 side dish
  • 菜園 【サイエン】 vegetable garden
  • 山菜 【サンサイ】 edible wild plants
  • 前菜 【ゼンサイ】 hors d'oeuvre, appetizer, appetiser, starter

Kun reading compounds

  • 菜 【な】 greens, vegetables, rape (Brassica napus), rapeseed
  • 菜種 【なたね】 rapeseed, coleseed
  • 若菜 【わかな】 young greens, young herbs
  • うまい菜 【うまいな】 Swiss chard

Readings

Japanese names:
よう
Chinese:
cai4
Korean:
chae

Spanish

  • verduras
  • entremeses
  • vegetales

Portuguese

  • legume
  • salada
  • verduras

French

  • légume
  • accompagnement (du riz)
401 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
509 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
483 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1108 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3982 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
870 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
246 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1447 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
931 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
958 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
774 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
660 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2880 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1486 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2004 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
742 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31184P Morohashi
2305 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5097 New Nelson (John Haig)
734 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
566 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1964 2001 Kanji
3k8.25 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-8 SKIP code
4490.4 Four corner code
26-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83dc Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
grain
Parts:
species, kind, class, variety, seed
Kun:
たね-ぐさ
On:
シュ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
461 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 種 【シュ】 kind, variety, (biological) species, (logical) species
  • 種子 【シュシ】 seed, pit
  • 職種 【ショクシュ】 type of occupation, occupational category
  • 業種 【ギョウシュ】 type of industry

Kun reading compounds

  • 種 【たね】 seed (e.g. of a plant), pip, kind, variety, quality, tone, material (e.g. for an article), matter (e.g. of a story), subject, theme, (news) copy, ingredient, leaven (bread), main ingredient of a sushi, cause, source, trick, secret, magician's trick, inside story, paternal blood, lineage, breed (of a stock), sperm, semen
  • 種馬 【たねうま】 studhorse, stallion, breeding horse
  • 菜種 【なたね】 rapeseed, coleseed
  • 自分で蒔いた種 【じぶんでまいたたね】 situation of one's own doing

Readings

Japanese names:
おい、 くさ、 た、 ほ
Chinese:
zhong3, chong2, zhong4
Korean:
jong

Spanish

  • semilla
  • tipo
  • variedad
  • clase
  • noticia

Portuguese

  • espécie
  • tipo
  • classe
  • variedade
  • cepa

French

  • espèce
  • classe
  • sorte
  • variété
  • graine
423 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
531 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
503 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
435 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3295 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
232 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
783 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2124 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
228 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
228 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
564 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1442 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1560 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
823 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1695 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25174 Morohashi
1218 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4159 New Nelson (John Haig)
1679 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1810 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
417 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
618 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2272 2001 Kanji
5d9.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-9 SKIP code
2291.4 Four corner code
28-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a2e Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
weapon, lance
Parts:
Variants:
husk, nut shell
Kun:
からがら
On:
カクコクバイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1892 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 殻 【カク】 shell (e.g. electron shell)
  • 殻構造 【カクコウゾウ】 shell structure
  • 地殻 【チカク】 (Earth's) crust
  • 介殻 【カイカク】 sea shell
  • 枸橘 【カラタチ】 trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), hardy orange
  • 船殻 【センコク】 hull

Kun reading compounds

  • 殻 【から】 shell, husk, hull, pod, chaff
  • 殻竿 【からざお】 flail (for threshing grain)
  • 雪花菜 【おから】 okara, soy pulp, tofu dregs
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 殻 【がら】 chicken bones (e.g. for soup), chicken carcass, poor-quality coke (coal), left-overs, remnants
  • 灰殻 【はいがら】 ashes
  • 燃え殻 【もえがら】 embers, cinders, burnt residue, combustion residue

Readings

Chinese:
ke2, qiao4
Korean:
gag

Spanish

  • concha
  • cáscara
  • casco (buque)

Portuguese

  • casca
  • concha de noz

French

  • coquille
  • enveloppe (grain)
1075 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1869 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2456 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1832 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1455 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1728 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1846 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1626 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1141 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1883 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1000 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1354 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
717 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1490 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2996 New Nelson (John Haig)
710 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
767 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1451 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1468 2001 Kanji
3p8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-4 SKIP code
4724.7 Four corner code
19-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6bbb Unicode hex code