19 strokes
colour, prettiness
glossy, luster, glaze, polish, charm, colorful, captivating
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
2207 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 艶 【エン】 charming, fascinating, voluptuous
  • 演歌 【エンカ】 enka, traditional-style Japanese popular ballad, troubadour
  • 妖艶 【ヨウエン】 fascinating, voluptuous, bewitching, captivating
  • 凄艶 【セイエン】 weirdly beautiful

Kun reading compounds

  • 艶 【つや】 gloss, luster, lustre, shine, sheen, polish, mellowness (of a voice), youthfulness (e.g. of skin), interest, appeal, charm, color, colour, feeling, romance, love, sexiness
  • 艶々 【つやつや】 glossy, bright, slick
  • 艶々 【つやつや】 glossy, bright, slick
  • 艶かしい 【なまめかしい】 charming, captivating, bewitching, seductive, coquettish
  • 艶やか 【あでやか】 glamorous, charming, fascinatingly elegant, lovely, gorgeous, beguiling, bewitching
  • 艶めく 【つやめく】 (for an object) to be shiny, to be glossy, (for a woman) to be alluring, to look sexy
  • 艶めく 【なまめく】 to brim over with feminine charm, to look captivating (of a woman), to be sexy, to be seductive, to be enticing, to look young and fresh, to be elegant, to look refined, to have a calm and composed appearance


Japanese names:
もろ、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • encantador
  • cautivador
  • lustroso
  • vidriado
  • pulido



  • luisant
  • brillant
  • lustré
  • charmant
  • poli
  • verni
  • coloré
  • captivant
3890 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1914 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
2833 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2209 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
990 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
2403 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1222 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1683 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1771 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30632 Morohashi
1908 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4957 New Nelson (John Haig)
1755 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1892 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
3d16.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-13-6 SKIP code
5711.7 Four corner code
1-17-80 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8276 Unicode hex code