Jisho

×

13 strokes
Radical:
net 网 (罒, ⺲, 罓, ⺳)
Parts:
guilt, sin, crime, fault, blame, offense
Kun:
つみ
On:
ザイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
732 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 罪 【ザイ】 crime
  • 罪悪 【ザイアク】 crime, sin, vice
  • 同罪 【ドウザイ】 same crime, being equally guilty
  • 功罪 【コウザイ】 merits and demerits, good points and bad points, strengths and weaknesses

Kun reading compounds

  • 罪 【つみ】 crime, sin, wrongdoing, indiscretion, penalty, sentence, punishment, fault, responsibility, culpability, thoughtlessness, lack of consideration
  • 罪滅ぼし 【つみほろぼし】 atonement, expiation
  • 無実の罪 【むじつのつみ】 false charge
  • 重い罪 【おもいつみ】 serious crime, grave crime

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zui4
Korean:
joe

Spanish

  • culpabilidad
  • pecado
  • delito
  • crimen
  • defecto
  • culpa

Portuguese

  • culpa
  • pecado
  • crime
  • falta
  • ofensa

French

  • culpabilité
  • péché
  • crime
  • faute
  • responsabilité
  • délit
794 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
713 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
686 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
928 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3643 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
748 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
830 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2006 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
885 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
906 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1047 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1464 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1673 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2264 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1651 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28293 Morohashi
2610 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4644 New Nelson (John Haig)
1636 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1764 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
775 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3654 2001 Kanji
5g8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
6011.1 Four corner code
1-26-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7f6a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
Variants:
evidence, proof, certificate
Kun:
あかし
On:
ショウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
306 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 証 【アカシ】 proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication, certificate, license, membership card, to testify (usu. Christian religious context), enlightenment, symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition
  • 証券 【ショウケン】 bond, bill, certificate, security
  • 査証 【サショウ】 visa, endorsing (e.g. a passport), stamping
  • 偽証 【ギショウ】 false evidence, perjury, false testimony

Kun reading compounds

  • 証 【あかし】 proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication, certificate, license, membership card, to testify (usu. Christian religious context), enlightenment, symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zheng4
Korean:
jeung

Spanish

  • evidencia
  • prueba
  • testimonio
  • certificado

Portuguese

  • evidência
  • prova
  • certificado

French

  • preuve
  • évidence
  • certificat
816 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
737 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
715 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
430 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4341 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
697 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1746 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1660 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
484 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
493 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
666 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1672 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1899 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1010 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1365 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
386 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35341 Morohashi
1506 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5589 New Nelson (John Haig)
380 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
406 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
448 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
754 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3073 2001 Kanji
7a5.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-5 SKIP code
0161.1 Four corner code
1-30-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a3c Unicode hex code