15 strokes
silk 糸 (糹)
slacken, loosen, relax, lessen, be moderate, ease
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
933 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 緩和 【カンワ】 relief, mitigation, alleviation, relaxation (of restrictions, tensions, etc.), easing, softening
  • 緩急 【カンキュウ】 high and low speed, fast and slow, pace, tempo, lenience and severity, emergency, crisis, dire situation
  • 弛緩 【シカン】 relaxation (e.g. of muscles), becoming flaccid
  • 軍紀弛緩 【グンキチカン】 lack of (slackness in) military discipline, demoralization

Kun reading compounds

  • 緩い 【ゆるい】 loose, lenient, lax, gentle (curve, slope, etc.), slow, weak, soft, not firm, difficult, hard
  • 緩やか 【ゆるやか】 loose, slack, gentle (slope, curve), slow (speed), lenient, liberal, lax
  • 緩やかに進む 【ゆるやかにすすむ】 to proceed slowly
  • 緩む 【ゆるむ】 to become loose, to slacken (e.g. rope), to become less tense, to relax, to let one's guard down, to slacken (e.g. coldness, supervision), to become lax, to become softer (e.g. ground, facial expression), (of ice) to partially melt, to decrease (e.g. speed), (of a market price) to go down slightly
  • 緩める 【ゆるめる】 to loosen, to slacken, to relax (attention, efforts, etc.), to let down (one's guard), to relieve (tension), to relax (a rule), to ease (e.g. restrictions), to loosen (control), to reduce (speed), to slow down, to ease up, to make more gradual (of a slope)


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • fácil
  • despacio
  • disminución
  • mitigado
  • aliviado
  • aflojar(se)
  • relajar(se)
  • disminuir
  • indulgente


  • afrouxar
  • relaxar
  • diminuir
  • moderar
  • facilitar


  • relâcher
  • abaisser
  • décompresser
  • lâche (noeud)
  • modéré
  • aise
1112 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1267 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3584 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1454 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1639 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2659 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1089 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1271 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1549 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1757 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
943 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1272 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1971 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27669 Morohashi
1389 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4551 New Nelson (John Haig)
1952 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2102 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1791 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2767 2001 Kanji
6a9.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-9 SKIP code
2294.7 Four corner code
1-20-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7de9 Unicode hex code