9 strokes
silk 糸 (糹)
chronicle, account, narrative, history, annals, geologic period
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
780 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 紀 【キ】 period, Nihon Shoki (second oldest work of Japanese history, compiled in 720 CE), Nihongi, Chronicles of Japan, Kii (former province located in present-day Wakayama and southern Mie prefectures)
  • 紀元前 【キゲンゼン】 pre-era, BC, BCE
  • デボン紀 【デボンキ】 Devonian period
  • 前世紀 【ゼンセイキ】 last century, previous century, ancient times, old times


Japanese names:
おさむ、 ただす、 とし、 とも、 のり、 もと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • crónica
  • normas
  • era


  • crônica
  • contos
  • narrativa
  • história
  • anais
  • período geológico


  • chronique
  • compte-rendu
  • narration
  • histoire
  • annales
  • ère géologique
578 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
472 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
449 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
930 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3497 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
666 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1619 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1424 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
372 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
373 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
634 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1512 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1628 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
856 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1173 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1366 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27234 Morohashi
1276 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4439 New Nelson (John Haig)
1354 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1454 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
521 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2756 2001 Kanji
6a3.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-3 SKIP code
2791.7 Four corner code
1-21-10 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d00 Unicode hex code