15 strokes
assurance, firm, tight, hard, solid, confirm, clear, evident
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
252 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 確 【カク】 certain, definite
  • 確実 【カクジツ】 certain, sure, definite, reliable, sound, solid, safe, secure
  • 当確 【トウカク】 projected to win, sure to be elected, home free
  • 精確 【セイカク】 detailed and accurate, exhaustive and precise, meticulous, finely detailed

Kun reading compounds

  • 確か 【たしか】 sure, certain, positive, definite, reliable, trustworthy, safe, sound, firm, accurate, correct, exact, If I'm not mistaken, If I remember correctly, If I remember rightly
  • 確かめる 【たしかめる】 to make sure, to check, to ascertain, to confirm, to verify
  • 確かめる 【たしかめる】 to make sure, to check, to ascertain, to confirm, to verify


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • seguro
  • cierto
  • genuino
  • capaz
  • asegurarse
  • afirmar


  • garantia
  • firme
  • sólido
  • duradouro
  • apertado
  • confirmar
  • limpar
  • evidente


  • certitude
  • confirmation
  • sûr
  • solide
  • clair
  • évident
570 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
664 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
634 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
395 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3217 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
661 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
767 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2305 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
603 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
613 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
803 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1409 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1571 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
830 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1135 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
574 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24366 Morohashi
1228 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4039 New Nelson (John Haig)
567 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
609 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
343 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
805 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3375 2001 Kanji
5a10.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-10 SKIP code
1461.4 Four corner code
1-19-46 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
78ba Unicode hex code