5 strokes
have the honor to, sign of the monkey, 3-5PM, ninth sign of Chinese zodiac
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
492 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 申請 【シンセイ】 application, request, petition
  • 申告 【シンコク】 report, return (e.g. tax), statement, declaration, notification, filing
  • 上申 【ジョウシン】 report to a superior
  • 具申 【グシン】 offering a full report to a superior

Kun reading compounds

  • 申す 【もうす】 to say, to be called, to do
  • 申すまでもなく 【もうすまでもなく】 needless to say, obviously, of course
  • 申 【さる】 the Monkey (ninth sign of the Chinese zodiac), hour of the Monkey (around 4pm, 3-5pm, or 4-6pm), west-southwest, 7th month of the lunar calendar
  • 猿楽 【さるがく】 sarugaku (form of theatre popular in Japan during the 11th to 14th centuries), noh, fooling around
  • 庚申 【かのえさる】 Metal Monkey (57th term of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1920, 1980, 2040), Shōmen Kongō (deity), kōshin-machi (religious wake)
  • 甲申 【きのえさる】 Wood Monkey (21st term of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1944, 2004, 2064)


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • decir
  • tener el honor de


  • tem a honra para


  • dire (humble)
  • s'appeler (humble)
  • j'ai l'honneur de
  • signe de la 9ème branche terrestre
  • signe du Singe (zodiaque)
  • 15 h à 17 h
254 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
338 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
322 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
347 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
93 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
204 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
740 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
185 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
309 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
309 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
585 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1332 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4319 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2186 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2942 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1126 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21726 Morohashi
3507 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3726 New Nelson (John Haig)
1117 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1198 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
253 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1655 2001 Kanji
0a5.39 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-3 SKIP code
5000.6 Four corner code
1-31-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7533 Unicode hex code