13 strokes
sun, day
spare time, rest, leisure, time, leave of absence
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1386 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 暇人 【ヒマジン】 person with a lot of free time on their hands, person of leisure, idler, loafer
  • 寸暇 【スンカ】 moment's leisure, free minute
  • 請暇 【セイカ】 vacation request, request for leave of absence

Kun reading compounds

  • 暇 【ひま】 spare time, free time, leisure, time (it takes to do something), time required, time off, leave, vacation, holiday, dismissal, firing, severance, divorce, free, not busy, unoccupied, idle, slow (business), slack, dull, to be free, to be not busy, to be available, to be doing nothing
  • 暇つぶし 【ひまつぶし】 waste of time, killing time
  • 暇暇 【ひまひま】 one's leisure hours
  • 暇 【いとま】 (spare) time, free time, leisure, time off, leave, vacation, holiday, resignation, dismissal, divorce, leaving, taking one's leave, farewell
  • 暇乞い 【いとまごい】 leave-taking, (saying) goodbye, requesting leave (from work)


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia2, xia4


  • tiempo libre
  • descanso
  • ocio
  • tiempo libre ocio
  • separación
  • adiós


  • tempo livre
  • descanso
  • lazer
  • tempo
  • ausência


  • temps libre
  • repos
  • loisirs
  • temps
  • congé
1050 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1547 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2152 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
891 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1410 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1064 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1110 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
622 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
993 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1275 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
691 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
923 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1900 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14036 Morohashi
1012 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2501 New Nelson (John Haig)
1882 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2027 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1632 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3867 2001 Kanji
4c9.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-9 SKIP code
6704.7 Four corner code
1-18-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6687 Unicode hex code