4 strokes
branch, support, sustain, branch radical (no. 65)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
159 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 支 【シ】 China
  • 支援 【シエン】 support, backing, aid, assistance
  • 気管支 【キカンシ】 bronchus, bronchial tube
  • 干支 【エト】 sexagenary cycle, 60-term cycle of 12 zodiac animals combined with 5 elements in the traditional Chinese calendar; currently used in Japan for years, historically also for days, 12-year Chinese zodiac

Kun reading compounds

  • 支える 【ささえる】 to support, to prop, to sustain, to underlay, to hold up, to defend, to hold at bay, to stem, to check
  • 閊える 【つかえる】 to stick, to get stuck, to get caught, to get jammed, to clog, to be unavailable, to be busy, to be occupied, to be full, to be piled up (e.g. of work), to halt (in one's speech), to stumble (over one's words), to stutter, to stammer, to feel blocked (of one's chest or throat, due to grief, anxiety, illness, etc.), to feel pressure, to feel pain
  • 支う 【かう】 to support, to prop up


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • soporte
  • apoyo
  • rama
  • pago
  • interferencia
  • soportar
  • sostener


  • ramo
  • apoio
  • sustentar


  • soutien
  • support
  • branche
  • filiale
  • succursale
  • radical branche (no. 65)
621 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
717 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
691 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
302 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2039 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
115 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
583 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
63 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
318 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
318 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
368 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
932 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2473 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1251 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1717 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
718 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13061 Morohashi
1979 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2324 New Nelson (John Haig)
711 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
768 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
185 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
642 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1467 2001 Kanji
2k2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
4040.7 Four corner code
1-27-57 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
652f Unicode hex code