18 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
penal, chastise, punish, discipline
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1303 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 懲戒 【チョウカイ】 discipline, punishment, reprimand
  • 懲役 【チョウエキ】 penal servitude, imprisonment with hard labor (hard labour)
  • 膺懲 【ヨウチョウ】 punishment (of an enemy), chastisement
  • 暴支膺懲 【ボウシヨウチョウ】 punish savage China

Kun reading compounds

  • 懲りる 【こりる】 to learn by experience, to learn one's lesson, to learn the hard way, to be discouraged (by), to have enough (of), to be disgusted (with)
  • 懲らす 【こらす】 to chastise, to punish, to discipline
  • 懲らしめる 【こらしめる】 to chastise, to punish, to discipline


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • pena
  • castigo
  • castigar
  • disciplinar


  • penal
  • castigar
  • punir
  • disciplinar


  • punition
  • pénal
  • châtiment
  • sanction
1599 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1626 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1785 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1510 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1327 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1421 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1510 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1703 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
805 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3623 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1853 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2526 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
897 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11399P Morohashi
2910 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2006 New Nelson (John Haig)
888 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
953 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1893 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2058 2001 Kanji
4k14.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-14-4 SKIP code
2833.4 Four corner code
1-36-08 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
61f2 Unicode hex code