15 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
melancholy, grieve, lament, be anxious, sad, unhappy
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1625 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 憂鬱 【ユウウツ】 depression, melancholy, dejection, gloom, despondency
  • 憂鬱症 【ユウウツショウ】 melancholia, severe depression
  • 外憂 【ガイユウ】 external troubles, foreign threat
  • 内憂 【ナイユウ】 internal troubles, domestic discord

Kun reading compounds

  • 憂える 【うれえる】 to worry about, to be anxious about, to be concerned about, to lament, to grieve, to feel sorrow for
  • 憂い 【うれい】 sorrow, grief, anguish, distress, anxiety, worry, trouble, affliction, fear, misgivings
  • 憂い顔 【うれいがお】 sad face, sorrowful face, anxious look, sad countenance
  • 憂い 【うい】 unhappy, sad, gloomy
  • 憂き 【うき】 unhappy, sad, gloomy
  • 憂き目 【うきめ】 bitter experience, misery, distress, grief, sad thoughts, hardship


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • pesadumbre
  • inquietud
  • preocupación
  • estar apesadumbrado
  • estar inquieto
  • estar preocupado


  • melancolia
  • luto
  • lamento
  • está infeliz
  • triste
  • ansioso


  • mélancolie
  • dépression
  • chagrin
  • lamentation
  • triste
  • anxieux
  • malheureux
1871 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1627 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
70 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1518 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1319 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1032 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1073 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1829 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
800 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2664 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1357 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1842 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
624 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11170 Morohashi
2145 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1971 New Nelson (John Haig)
616 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
663 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1763 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3167 2001 Kanji
4i12.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-13 SKIP code
2-8-7 SKIP code
1024.7 Four corner code
1040.7 Four corner code
1-45-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6182 Unicode hex code