11 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
wretched, disaster, cruelty, harsh
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1463 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 惨 【サン】 appalling
  • 惨事 【サンジ】 disaster, tragedy, tragic incident, horrible accident
  • 凄惨 【セイサン】 ghastly, gruesome, appalling, lurid
  • 陰惨 【インサン】 sadness and gloom
  • 残虐 【ザンギャク】 cruel, brutal, savage, barbarous
  • 残酷 【ザンコク】 cruel, brutal, ruthless, merciless, inhuman
  • 冷酷無惨 【レイコクムザン】 cruel and heartless, merciless, implacable, cold-blooded

Kun reading compounds

  • 惨め 【みじめ】 miserable, wretched, unhappy, sad, pitiable
  • 惨い 【むごい】 cruel, merciless, pitiless, brutal, atrocious, inhuman, tragic, horrible, terrible, dreadful, miserable, ugly, horrifying


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
can3, can4
cham, chim


  • cruel
  • horrible
  • desastroso


  • desprezível
  • desastre
  • crueldade
  • severo


  • choquant
  • misérable
  • désastre
  • cruauté
  • rude
1309 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1470 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1713 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1304 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1304 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1725 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1843 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1457 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
818 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
585 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
354 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
441 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1737 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10850 Morohashi
483 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1896 New Nelson (John Haig)
1721 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1857 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1433 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1160 2001 Kanji
4k8.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
9302.2 Four corner code
1-27-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
60e8 Unicode hex code