10 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
trouble, worry, in pain, distress, illness
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1084 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 悩殺 【ノウサツ】 fascinate, bewitch, enchant
  • 悩乱 【ノウラン】 worry, anguish
  • 懊悩 【オウノウ】 anguish, trouble, agony
  • 煩悶懊悩 【ハンモンオウノウ】 anguish, agony

Kun reading compounds

  • 悩む 【なやむ】 to be worried, to be troubled
  • 悩ます 【なやます】 to afflict, to torment, to harass, to molest
  • 悩ましい 【なやましい】 seductive, carnal, enchanting, troubling, difficult, thorny, hard, anxious, uneasy
  • 悩み 【なやみ】 trouble, troubles, worry, distress, sorrows, anguish, agony, problem
  • 悩み事 【なやみごと】 matter causing distress, something causing worry


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • preocupación
  • pena
  • sufrimiento
  • angustia
  • estar preocupado
  • sentir pena
  • sufrir
  • angustiarse


  • dificuldade
  • preocupação
  • perigo
  • doença


  • soucieux
  • ennuis
  • peine
  • détresse
  • maladie
1680 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
992 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1698 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1617 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
541 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1279 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1353 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1110 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
817 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
504 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
313 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
380 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1954 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10716P Morohashi
421 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1867 New Nelson (John Haig)
1935 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2085 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1336 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1175 2001 Kanji
4k7.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
1-1-9 SKIP code
9207.2 Four corner code
9907.2 Four corner code
1-39-26 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
60a9 Unicode hex code