7 strokes
surround, besiege, store, paling, enclosure, encircle, preserve, keep
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
771 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 囲碁 【イゴ】 go (board game)
  • 囲郭村 【イカクソン】 walled settlement, walled town
  • 解囲 【カイイ】 breaking the enemy siege
  • 外囲 【ガイイ】 periphery, surroundings

Kun reading compounds

  • 囲む 【かこむ】 to surround, to encircle, to enclose, to fence, to wall in, to besiege, to lay siege to, to play (go, shogi, etc.)
  • 囲う 【かこう】 to enclose, to surround, to encircle, to fence, to wall in, to shelter (e.g. a criminal), to shield, to hide, to protect, to keep (e.g. a mistress), to store (vegetables, fruit, etc.), to preserve, to protect
  • 囲い 【かこい】 enclosure, fence, wall, pen, paling, storage (of fruit, vegetables, etc.), partitioned area of a room for conducting tea ceremonies, mistress, castle, strong defensive position
  • 囲い女 【かこいおんな】 mistress


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • circunferencia
  • rodear
  • cercar


  • circundar
  • sitiar
  • loja
  • paliçada
  • cerca
  • preservar
  • guardar


  • entourer
  • assiéger
  • enceinte
  • palissade
  • encercler
  • réserve
  • garder
343 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
446 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
422 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
945 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1032 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
803 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
423 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
501A Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1194 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1257 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1062 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
340 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3807 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1949 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2643 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1825 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4722 Morohashi
3069 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
945 New Nelson (John Haig)
1807 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1948 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
474 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1955 2001 Kanji
3s4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-4 SKIP code
6055.0 Four corner code
1-16-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56f2 Unicode hex code