Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
cliff
Parts:
Variants:
meadow, original, primitive, field, plain, prairie, tundra, wilderness
Kun:
はら
On:
ゲン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
172 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 原 【ゲン】 original, primitive, primary, fundamental, raw
  • 原案 【ゲンアン】 original plan, original bill, original motion, draft
  • 中原 【チュウゲン】 middle of a field, middle of a country, field of contest
  • 抗原 【コウゲン】 antigen

Kun reading compounds

  • 原 【はら】 field, plain, prairie, tundra, moor, wilderness
  • 原っぱ 【はらっぱ】 open field, empty lot, plain
  • 萩原 【はぎはら】 reedy field
  • 笹原 【ささはら】 field of bamboo grass

Readings

Japanese names:
た、 ばる、 ら、 わた、 わら
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yuan2
Korean:
weon

Spanish

  • origen
  • pradera
  • prado
  • campo

Portuguese

  • prado
  • original
  • primitivo
  • campo
  • planície
  • pradaria
  • tundra
  • sertão

French

  • pré
  • prairie
  • champ
  • original
  • primitif
  • toundra
  • désert (étendue sauvage)
205 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
119 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
107 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
132 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
825 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
202 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
388 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1231 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
136 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
136 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
405 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
260 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3733 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1910 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2593 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
136 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2973 Morohashi
3009 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
652 New Nelson (John Haig)
134 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
142 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
113 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
192 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3341 2001 Kanji
2p8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-8 SKIP code
7129.6 Four corner code
1-24-22 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
539f Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
cause, factor, be associated with, depend on, be limited to
Kun:
よ.るちな.む
On:
イン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
636 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 因 【イン】 cause, factor, hetu (direct cause, esp. as opposed to indirect conditions), the basis of one's argument (in hetuvidya)
  • 因縁 【インネン】 fate, destiny, connection, tie, bond, origin, pretext, justification, hetu and prataya (direct causes and indirect conditions, which underlie the actions of all things)
  • 主因 【シュイン】 primary cause, main factor
  • 勝因 【ショウイン】 cause of victory

Kun reading compounds

  • 因る 【よる】 to be due to, to be caused by, to depend on, to turn on, to be based on, to come from, to be based at (a location, an organization), to be headquartered at
  • よるところが大きい 【よるところがおおきい】 depending largely on, playing a large role in, due largely to
  • 因む 【ちなむ】 to be associated (with), to be connected (with)

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yin1
Korean:
in

Spanish

  • causa
  • origen
  • depender de
  • contar con

Portuguese

  • causa
  • fator
  • seja associado com
  • contar com
  • ser limitado para

French

  • cause
  • facteur
  • associé à
  • dépendre de
  • limité à
548 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
643 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
614 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
646 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1026 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
462 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
420 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
311 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
554 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
563 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
406 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
337 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3792 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1936 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2629 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
590 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4693 Morohashi
3054 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
939 New Nelson (John Haig)
583 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
626 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
485 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
655 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
3s3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-3 SKIP code
6043.0 Four corner code
1-16-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56e0 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
Variants:
germ, fungus, bacteria
On:
キン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1586 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 菌 【キン】 fungus, germ, bacterium, bacillus
  • 菌類 【キンルイ】 fungus, fungi
  • 球菌 【キュウキン】 coccus
  • 抗菌 【コウキン】 antibacterial, antimicrobial

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jun4, jun1
Korean:
gyun

Spanish

  • germen
  • hongo
  • bacteria

Portuguese

  • germe
  • fungo
  • bactérias

French

  • germe (microbien)
  • champignon
  • bactérie
1177 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1016 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3976 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1651 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1703 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1441 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1222 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1285 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1368 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
659 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2876 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1484 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2000 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
927 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31156P Morohashi
2304 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5091 New Nelson (John Haig)
918 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
985 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1480 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1964 2001 Kanji
3k8.32 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-8 SKIP code
4460.0 Four corner code
1-22-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83cc Unicode hex code