11 strokes
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
vice-, assistant, aide, duplicate, copy
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
360 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 副 【フク】 assistant, associate, vice-, sub-, deputy, substitute, auxiliary, supplementary, additional, collateral, duplicate, copy, adverb
  • 副詞 【フクシ】 adverb
  • 正副 【セイフク】 original and copy (of a document), principal and vice- (e.g. chairman and vice-chairman)
  • 関副 【カンフク】 relative adverb


Japanese names:
そい、 そえ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bu, bog


  • vice-
  • duplicado
  • copia


  • vice-
  • duplicar
  • cópia


  • vice-
  • copie
  • duplicata
709 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
604 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
576 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
681 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
699 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
772 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
363 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1428 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
714 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
727 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
898 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
203 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2230 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1161 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1581 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
90 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2097 Morohashi
1776 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 New Nelson (John Haig)
89 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
93 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
577 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3043 2001 Kanji
2f9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-2 SKIP code
1260.0 Four corner code
1-41-91 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
526f Unicode hex code