11 strokes
closed, shut
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
951 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 閉鎖 【ヘイサ】 closing, closure, shutdown, lockout
  • 閉会 【ヘイカイ】 closure (of a ceremony, event, meeting, etc.)
  • 開閉 【カイヘイ】 opening and shutting, opening and closing
  • 幽閉 【ユウヘイ】 confinement, imprisonment, incarceration

Kun reading compounds

  • 閉じる 【とじる】 to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.), to shut
  • 閉ざす 【とざす】 to shut, to close, to fasten, to lock, to block (a street, entrance, etc.), to shut in (with snow, ice, etc.), to shut off, to cut off, to cover (e.g. in darkness), to consume (with negative feelings), to fill (e.g. with sadness), to bury (e.g. in grief)
  • 閉める 【しめる】 to close, to shut
  • 閉まる 【しまる】 to be shut, to close, to be closed, to be firm (of a body, face, etc.), to be well-knit, to be locked, to tighten, to be tightened, to become sober, to become tense
  • 閉てる 【たてる】 to shut, to close


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • cerrar
  • finalizar
  • dejar de hacer
  • guardar


  • fechado
  • fechar


  • fermer
  • clore
979 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
968 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1143 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4945 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
900 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
981 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
397 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
401 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
216 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1839 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4116 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2090 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2832 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1637 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41222 Morohashi
3319 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6385 New Nelson (John Haig)
1623 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1751 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
931 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3847 2001 Kanji
8e3.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-3 SKIP code
7724.7 Four corner code
1-42-36 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9589 Unicode hex code