Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
pestle
Parts:
Variants:
year, counter for years
Kun:
とし
On:
ネン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
6 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 年 【ネン】 year (e.g. AD), counter for years
  • 年間 【ネンカン】 (period of) a year, during an era
  • 晩年 【バンネン】 one's later years, final years (in life)
  • 留年 【リュウネン】 repeating a year (at school), staying in the same class for another year

Kun reading compounds

  • 年 【とし】 year, age, years, past one's prime, old age
  • 年月 【としつき】 months and years
  • いい年 【いいとし】 maturity, mature age
  • 大年 【おおとし】 New Year's Eve, December 31st, Jupiter (planet)

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
nian2
Korean:
nyeon

Spanish

  • año
  • edad

Portuguese

  • Ano

French

  • année
  • compteur d'années
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
64 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
3 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
188 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
64 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
51 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
342 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
45 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
45 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
24 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
574 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2528 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1284 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1752 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1045 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9168 Morohashi
2035 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1593 New Nelson (John Haig)
1036 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1114 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
13 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
51 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2355 2001 Kanji
0a6.16 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-4 SKIP code
4-6-3 SKIP code
8050.0 Four corner code
39-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e74 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
substitute, change, convert, replace, period, age, counter for decades of ages, eras, etc., generation, charge, rate, fee
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
66 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 代 【ダイ】 charge, cost, price, generation, age, reign, era, a representative of, on behalf of, for (someone), used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number, counter for decades of ages, eras, etc., counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.), proxy application company, pronoun
  • 代金 【ダイキン】 price, cost, charge, payment, bill, fee
  • 先代 【センダイ】 family predecessor, previous age, previous generation
  • 大時代 【オオジダイ】 old-fashioned, antiquated, anachronistic
  • 代謝 【タイシャ】 renewal, regeneration, metabolism
  • 代赭 【タイシャ】 red ocher (ochre)
  • 永代 【エイタイ】 permanence, eternity
  • 希代 【キタイ】 uncommon, rare, extraordinary, matchless

Kun reading compounds

  • 替わる 【かわる】 to succeed, to relieve, to replace, to take the place of, to substitute for, to take over for, to represent, to be exchanged, to change (places with), to switch
  • 代わる代わる 【かわるがわる】 alternately, by turns
  • 替わる 【かわる】 to succeed, to relieve, to replace, to take the place of, to substitute for, to take over for, to represent, to be exchanged, to change (places with), to switch
  • 代わる代わる 【かわるがわる】 alternately, by turns
  • 代わり 【かわり】 substitute, replacement, substituting, replacing, stand-in, proxy, alternate, deputy, relief, successor, compensation, exchange, return, second helping, another cup, seconds, upcoming program, upcoming programme
  • 代わりに 【かわりに】 instead of, for, as, in exchange for, in return (for), to make up for
  • 代わり 【かわり】 substitute, replacement, substituting, replacing, stand-in, proxy, alternate, deputy, relief, successor, compensation, exchange, return, second helping, another cup, seconds, upcoming program, upcoming programme
  • 代わりに 【かわりに】 instead of, for, as, in exchange for, in return (for), to make up for
  • 換える 【かえる】 to replace, to exchange, to interchange, to substitute
  • 世 【よ】 world, society, age, generation
  • 代々 【だいだい】 for generations, hereditary, generation after generation
  • 千代 【せんだい】 thousand years, very long period, forever
  • 君が代 【きみがよ】 Imperial reign, title of Japanese national anthem
  • 代 【しろ】 substitution, material, price, margin (e.g. for stapling, etc.), area required for something, shiro (unit of land area equal to one-fiftieth of a tan; ~19.83 m.sq.)
  • 代物 【しろもの】 article, goods, product, fine thing, fellow, affair, stuff, prostitute
  • 阿代 【あしろ】 Ophidion asiro (species of cusk eel)
  • 食い代 【くいしろ】 food expenses

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
dai4
Korean:
dae

Spanish

  • generación
  • reinado
  • sustituir
  • reemplazar
  • relevar

Portuguese

  • substituto
  • mudança
  • convertido
  • repor
  • período
  • idade
  • geração
  • carga
  • valor
  • taxa

French

  • substituer
  • changer
  • convertir
  • remplacer
  • période
  • âge
  • ère
  • génération
  • montant d'argent
  • taux
  • prix
  • redevance
463 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
358 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
338 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
68 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
364 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
85 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
111 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
125 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
256 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
256 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
413 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
61 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
34 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
18 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
18 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1014 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
386 Morohashi
30 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
125 New Nelson (John Haig)
1005 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1080 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
87 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
257 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a3.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-3 SKIP code
2324.0 Four corner code
34-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4ee3 Unicode hex code