7 strokes
grass 艸 (艹)
perfume, balmy, favorable, fragrant
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1302 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 芳香 【ホウコウ】 perfume, fragrance, aroma, balm, sweet scent
  • 芳韻 【ホウイン】 Chinese poem, poem, rhyme
  • 遺芳 【イホウ】 memory or autograph of deceased
  • 余芳 【ヨホウ】 lingering fragrance, continuing fame (after death)

Kun reading compounds

  • 芳しい 【かんばしい】 sweet-smelling, fragrant, aromatic, good (reputation, condition, results, etc.), favorable


Japanese names:
お、 かおる、 は、 ほ、 みち、 やす、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • perfume
  • bálsamo
  • aroma
  • prefijo de respeto
  • frangante
  • aromático
  • perfumado


  • perfume
  • calmante
  • cheiroso
  • fragrante


  • parfum
  • embaumé
  • parfumé
1791 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1339 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3907 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1316 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1696 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
480 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1775 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1907 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1665 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
643 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2739 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1404 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1893 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
504 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30736P Morohashi
2210 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4979 New Nelson (John Haig)
493 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
532 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1143 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1945 2001 Kanji
3k4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-4 SKIP code
4422.7 Four corner code
1-43-07 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
82b3 Unicode hex code