16 strokes
silk 糸 (糹)
luxuriant, thick, overgrown, frequency, complexity, trouble
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1198 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 繁 【ハン】 complexity, frequency, trouble, traditional Chinese character, unsimplified Chinese character
  • 繁栄 【ハンエイ】 prosperity, thriving, flourishing

Kun reading compounds

  • 茂る 【しげる】 to grow thickly, to be in full leaf, to be rampant, to luxuriate, to be luxurious
  • 繁く 【しげく】 frequently


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fan2, po2
beon, ban


  • exuberante
  • próspero
  • sobrecrecido
  • complejo
  • problemático
  • confuso


  • luxuriante
  • espesso
  • coberto de vegetação
  • frequência
  • complexidade
  • dificuldade


  • luxuriant
  • épais
  • envahi (herbes)
  • fréquence
  • complexité
  • ennuis
1720 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1136 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3596 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1092 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1647 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2848 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1292 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1367 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1187 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1510 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3536 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1826 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2484 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1349 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27803P Morohashi
2853 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4570 New Nelson (John Haig)
1337 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1435 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1845 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2341 2001 Kanji
6a10.13 The Kanji Dictionary
2-10-6 SKIP code
8890.3 Four corner code
1-40-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7e41 Unicode hex code