11 strokes
silk 糸 (糹)
accumulate, involvement, trouble, tie up, continually
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1662 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 累 【ルイ】 trouble, harmful effect, evil influence, implication, involvement
  • 累計 【ルイケイ】 cumulative total, accumulated total, total up to now
  • 係累 【ケイルイ】 dependents, family members that one has to support, encumbrances, things that tie one down
  • 累々 【ルイルイ】 in heaps


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lei4, lei2, lei3


  • relación
  • conexión
  • compromiso
  • apilar
  • repetidamente
  • una y otra vez


  • acumular
  • envolvimento
  • problemas
  • conexão
  • continuamente


  • amasser
  • implication
  • ennuis
  • liens
  • continuellement
1917 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1811 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3006 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1284 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1627 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2004 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1060 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1105 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1302 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1508 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3196 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1652 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1376 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27343 Morohashi
2585 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4469 New Nelson (John Haig)
1364 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1464 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1475 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
5f6.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-6 SKIP code
6090.3 Four corner code
1-46-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d2f Unicode hex code