9 strokes
water 水 (氵, 氺)
clean, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu Dynasty
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1383 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 浄化槽 【ジョウカソウ】 water-purification tank, septic tank
  • 浄化 【ジョウカ】 purification, cleanup (e.g. of politics), purge
  • 自浄 【ジジョウ】 self-purification, self-cleansing
  • 不浄 【フジョウ】 unclean, dirty, impure, bathroom, toilet (room), menstruation, menses, feces, faeces

Kun reading compounds

  • 清める 【きよめる】 to purify, to cleanse, to exorcise, to purge, to ward off
  • 清い 【きよい】 clean, clear, pure, honest, clean, innocent, platonic, chaste


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • puro
  • inocente


  • limpar
  • purificar
  • limpeza
  • exorcisar
  • Disnastia Manchu


  • nettoyer
  • laver
  • purifier
  • dynastie Mandchoue
1417 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1559 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2548 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
976 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1472 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
823 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
664 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
675 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1495 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1187 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
457 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
282 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
342 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1163 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17451 Morohashi
382 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3128 New Nelson (John Haig)
1155 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1239 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1274 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
347 2001 Kanji
3a6.18 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
3715.7 Four corner code
1-30-84 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d44 Unicode hex code