12 strokes
rap 攴 (攵)
scatter, disperse, spend, squander
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
758 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 散骨 【サンコツ】 scattering of ashes (cremated remains)
  • 散会 【サンカイ】 adjournment
  • 離散 【リサン】 dispersal, scattering, discrete
  • 集散 【シュウサン】 collection (gathering) and distribution

Kun reading compounds

  • 散る 【ちる】 to fall (e.g. blossoms, leaves), to scatter, to be dispersed, to disappear, to dissolve, to break up, to spread, to run, to blur, to die a noble death
  • 散らす 【ちらす】 to scatter, to cause a shower of, to disperse, to distribute, to spread, to resolve (a symptom, condition, etc.), to relieve, to get rid of, to cure, to distract, to divert, to do ... wildly (i.e. disorderly or frequently), to do ... all over the place
  • 散らかす 【ちらかす】 to scatter around, to leave untidy, to make a mess
  • 散らかる 【ちらかる】 to be in disorder, to lie scattered around
  • 散らばる 【ちらばる】 to be scattered about, to disperse, to be littered (with)
  • 散 【ばら】 loose articles (not packaged with other things), bulk items, individual items, coins, small change
  • ばら撒く 【ばらまく】 to scatter, to disseminate (e.g. a rumor), to spread (e.g. germs), to broadcast, to distribute widely (e.g. leaflets), to hand out freely, to spend recklessly
  • 散ける 【ばらける】 to come apart, to unravel, to come loose, to become disarrayed (e.g. of hair)


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
san4, san3


  • esparcir
  • dispersar
  • derramar
  • caer
  • esparcirse
  • estar desordenado


  • dispersar
  • espalhar
  • gastar
  • dissipar


  • disperser
  • éparpiller
  • dépenser
  • gaspiller
407 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
519 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
492 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
611 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2056 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
465 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
590 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1689 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
767 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
781 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
721 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
944 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2137 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1118 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1518 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1197 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13265 Morohashi
1702 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2352 New Nelson (John Haig)
1189 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1273 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
588 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1966 2001 Kanji
4i8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-4 SKIP code
4824.0 Four corner code
1-27-22 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6563 Unicode hex code