7 strokes
rap 攴 (攵)
reformation, change, modify, mend, renew, examine, inspect, search
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
147 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 改 【カイ】 revision
  • 改革 【カイカク】 reform, reformation, reorganization
  • 更改 【コウカイ】 renewal, extension, revision
  • 契約更改 【ケイヤクコウカイ】 contract renewal

Kun reading compounds

  • 改める 【あらためる】 to change, to alter, to revise, to replace, to reform, to correct, to mend, to improve, to examine, to check, to inspect, to do properly, to do formally
  • 改まる 【あらたまる】 to be renewed, to change, to be improved, to be reformed, to be revised, to be corrected, to stand on ceremony, to be formal, to take a turn for the worse (of an illness), to take a serious turn


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • reforma
  • cambio
  • investigación
  • cambiar
  • reformar
  • renovar
  • revisar
  • investigar


  • reforma
  • mudança
  • modificar
  • umsertar
  • renovar
  • examinar
  • inspecionar
  • pesquisar


  • réforme
  • changer
  • modifier
  • améliorer
  • renouveler
  • examiner
  • inspecter
  • chercher
359 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
458 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
435 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
294 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1464 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
691 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
584 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
379 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
514 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
523 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
726 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
933 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
287 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
180 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
216 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
534 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13114 Morohashi
243 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2332 New Nelson (John Haig)
528 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
567 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
289 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
475 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3566 2001 Kanji
4i3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
1874.0 Four corner code
1-18-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6539 Unicode hex code