17 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
sociable, kind, courteous, hospitable, cordial
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1135 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 懇談 【コンダン】 informal talk
  • 懇親 【コンシン】 friendship, intimacy
  • 米懇 【ベイコン】 Round Table Conference on Rice Price
  • 昵懇 【ジッコン】 intimacy, familiarity, closeness

Kun reading compounds

  • 懇ろ 【ねんごろ】 kind, courteous, hospitable, warmly respectful, intimate, becoming intimate, having an intimate relationship (sometimes esp. a homosexual relationship)
  • 懇ろになる 【ねんごろになる】 to become intimate with (e.g. a woman), to become acquainted


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • sociable
  • amable
  • cortés
  • hospitalario
  • cordial


  • sociável
  • espécie
  • cordial
  • hospitaleira
  • cortês


  • sociable
  • gentil
  • courtois
  • hospitalier
  • cordial
1282 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1170 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1781 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1171 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1325 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1135 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1187 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1799 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
804 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3606 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1851 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2517 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1990 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11326 Morohashi
2899 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2002 New Nelson (John Haig)
1970 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2123 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1868 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2058 2001 Kanji
4k13.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-13-4 SKIP code
2733.3 Four corner code
1-26-09 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
61c7 Unicode hex code