13 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
distress, grieve, lament, be anxious
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
2171 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 愁傷 【シュウショウ】 grief, sorrow
  • 愁色 【シュウショク】 worried look
  • 哀愁 【アイシュウ】 pathos, sorrow, grief
  • 幽愁 【ユウシュウ】 deep contemplation, melancholy, gloom

Kun reading compounds

  • 憂える 【うれえる】 to worry about, to be anxious about, to be concerned about, to lament, to grieve, to feel sorrow for
  • 憂い 【うれい】 sorrow, grief, anguish, distress, anxiety, worry, trouble, affliction, fear, misgivings
  • 憂い顔 【うれいがお】 sad face, sorrowful face, anxious look, sad countenance


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • melancolía
  • aflicción
  • sentimiento
  • estar melancólico
  • estar afligido


  • perigo
  • pesar
  • lamento
  • estar ansioso


  • détresse
  • tristesse
  • plainte
  • lamentation
  • être anxieux
1357 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1737 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1729 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1778 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1306 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1601 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1708 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1700 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
795 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3508 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1811 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2463 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
910 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10885 Morohashi
2829 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1923 New Nelson (John Haig)
901 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
967 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1625 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2258 2001 Kanji
4k9.16 The Kanji Dictionary
2-9-4 SKIP code
2933.8 Four corner code
1-29-05 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6101 Unicode hex code