9 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
regret, bear a grudge, resentment, malice, hatred
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1877 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 恨事 【コンジ】 regrettable matter
  • 痛恨 【ツウコン】 deep regret, great sorrow, bitter grief
  • 意趣遺恨 【イシュイコン】 grudge, spite, malice, rancor

Kun reading compounds

  • 恨む 【うらむ】 to bear a grudge against, to resent, to blame, to curse, to feel bitter towards
  • 憾む 【うらむ】 to regret
  • 恨めしい 【うらめしい】 reproachful, hateful, bitter


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • rencor
  • resentimiento
  • odio
  • arrepentimiento
  • guardar rencor
  • estar resentido
  • arrepentirse


  • lamento
  • rancor
  • resentimento
  • malícia
  • ódio


  • ressentiment
  • regret
  • rancune
  • méchanceté
  • haine
1277 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1957 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1677 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1227 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1293 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1052 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1755 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1879 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1452 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
814 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
439 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
272 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
328 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1472 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10588 Morohashi
369 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1842 New Nelson (John Haig)
1460 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1570 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1256 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1165 2001 Kanji
4k6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
9703.2 Four corner code
1-26-08 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6068 Unicode hex code