10 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
878 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 恐慌 【キョウコウ】 panic, scare, alarm, panic, financial panic
  • 恐喝 【キョウカツ】 blackmail, extortion, threat (to extort money)
  • 戦々恐々 【センセンキョウキョウ】 trembling with fear, filled with trepidation
  • 最恐 【サイキョウ】 scariest, most frightening

Kun reading compounds

  • 恐れる 【おそれる】 to fear, to be afraid of
  • 恐る 【おそる】 to fear, to be afraid
  • 恐る恐る 【おそるおそる】 fearfully, timidly, nervously, cautiously, gingerly
  • 恐ろしい 【おそろしい】 terrible, dreadful, terrifying, frightening, surprising, startling, tremendous, amazing
  • 恐ろしい思いをする 【おそろしいおもいをする】 to find oneself fearful, to have an awful time
  • 怖い 【こわい】 scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful
  • 怖いもの見たさ 【こわいものみたさ】 curiosity of fear, urge to look at something frightening, wanting to take a peek at something unpleasant
  • 怖がる 【こわがる】 to be afraid (of), to fear, to be frightened (of), to be scared (of), to worry (about)


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • miedo
  • temor
  • sobrecogimiento
  • tener miedo
  • temer
  • temible
  • pavoroso
  • espantoso


  • medo
  • temer
  • temor


  • peur
  • épouvante
  • crainte
1167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
951 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1685 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1163 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
537 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1602 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1709 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
759 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
780 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3283 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1696 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2306 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
620 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10552X Morohashi
2650 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1853 New Nelson (John Haig)
613 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
660 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
497 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1330 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3158 2001 Kanji
4k6.19 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-4 SKIP code
1733.1 Four corner code
1-22-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6050 Unicode hex code