9 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
neglect, laziness
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1703 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 怠慢 【タイマン】 negligence, neglect, carelessness, procrastination
  • 滞納 【タイノウ】 falling behind (with a payment), being in arrears, non-payment, default, delinquency
  • 懈怠 【ケタイ】 laziness, indolence, negligence (of duties), misfeasance, nonfeasance, negligence, laches, kausidya
  • 休怠 【キュウタイ】 laziness, neglect

Kun reading compounds

  • 怠る 【おこたる】 to neglect, to be negligent in, to be neglectful of, to fail to do, to leave undone, to avoid (doing), to shirk, to be unmindful of, to improve (of an illness), to get better
  • 怠ける 【なまける】 to be lazy, to be idle, to slack, to neglect (e.g. one's work), to be neglectful of, to skip (e.g. school)


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • descuido
  • negligencia
  • pereza
  • descuidar
  • ser perezoso


  • negligenciar
  • preguiça


  • négligence
  • paresse
1543 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1613 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
851 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1084 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1290 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1297 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1372 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1698 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
777 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2588 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1323 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1794 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
753 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10469 Morohashi
2085 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1818 New Nelson (John Haig)
745 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
806 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1252 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2758 2001 Kanji
4k5.21 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2333.6 Four corner code
1-34-53 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6020 Unicode hex code