10 strokes
go slowly
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
659 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 夏 【カ】 Xia dynasty (of China; c. 2070-1600 BCE; possibly mythological), Hsia dynasty
  • 夏期休暇 【カキキュウカ】 summer vacation, summer holidays
  • 初夏 【ショカ】 early summer, fourth month of the lunar calendar
  • 盛夏 【セイカ】 midsummer, height of summer
  • 夏 【ゲ】 summer (on the lunisolar calendar: 16th day of the 4th month to the 15th day of the 7th month)
  • 夏至 【ゲシ】 summer solstice
  • 一夏 【イチゲ】 one summer (during which a monk attends a summer retreat)
  • 半夏 【ハンゲ】 crow dipper (Pinellia tuber), 11th day after the summer solstice, last seed-sowing and rice-planting day

Kun reading compounds

  • 夏 【なつ】 summer
  • 夏休み 【なつやすみ】 summer vacation, summer holiday
  • 初夏 【しょか】 early summer, fourth month of the lunar calendar
  • 常夏 【とこなつ】 everlasting summer


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4, jia3


  • verano


  • verão


  • été
52 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
88 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
82 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
580 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
58 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
163 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
148 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1161 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.10 Japanese for Busy People
461 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
469 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
97 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
402 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2619 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1339 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1815 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
302 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5720 Morohashi
2113 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1120 New Nelson (John Haig)
296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
317 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
188 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3167 2001 Kanji
4i7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-8 SKIP code
2-7-3 SKIP code
1024.7 Four corner code
1040.7 Four corner code
1-18-38 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
590f Unicode hex code