5 strokes
mouth, opening
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
509 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 古参 【コサン】 seniority, long service
  • 古今 【ココン】 ancient and modern times, all ages, past and present
  • 蒙古 【モウコ】 Mongolia (region), Greater Mongolia, Mongolian Plateau, Mongols (nomadic tribe)
  • 懐古 【カイコ】 reminiscence, nostalgia, thinking fondly of the past, recalling the old days

Kun reading compounds

  • 古い 【ふるい】 old, aged, ancient, antiquated, antique, timeworn, long, since long ago, time-honored, of the distant past, long-ago, stale, threadbare, hackneyed, corny, old-fashioned, outmoded, out-of-date
  • 古家 【ふるいえ】 old house, deserted house


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • viejo
  • antiguo
  • desgastar


  • velho


  • vieux
70 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
121 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
109 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
373 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
770 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
93 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
32 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
154 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.5 Japanese for Busy People
172 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
172 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
86 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
278 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2495 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1262 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1728 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
16 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3233 Morohashi
2002 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
702 New Nelson (John Haig)
16 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
16 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
320 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
107 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1577 2001 Kanji
2k3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4060.0 Four corner code
1-24-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53e4 Unicode hex code