5 strokes
power, force
achievement, merits, success, honor, credit
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
857 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 功 【コウ】 merit, success, meritorious deed, achievement, accumulated experience
  • 功績 【コウセキ】 achievement, meritorious deed, distinguished service, contribution
  • 即効 【ソッコウ】 immediate effect, instant effect
  • 奏功 【ソウコウ】 success, achievement, fruition
  • 工夫 【クフウ】 devising (a way), contriving, inventing, thinking up, figuring out, coming up with, working out, device, design, idea, plan, invention, dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation)
  • 効能 【コウノウ】 effect, effectiveness, efficacy, virtue, benefit

Kun reading compounds

  • 勲 【いさお】 distinguished service, meritorious service


Japanese names:
いさ、 かつ、 くぬ、 ぐう、 こと、 つとむ、 とし、 のり、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • logro
  • méritos
  • éxito
  • servicio


  • realização
  • méritos
  • sucesso
  • honra
  • crédito


  • réussite
  • réalisation
  • succès
  • mérite
  • honneur
  • crédit
605 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
502 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
477 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
765 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1454 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
467 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1099 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
135 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
818 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
837 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
378 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
209 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
218 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
138 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
165 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
871 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2295 Morohashi
189 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
522 New Nelson (John Haig)
863 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
927 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
448 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3145 2001 Kanji
2g3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
1412.7 Four corner code
1-24-89 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
529f Unicode hex code