16 strokes
congeal, freeze, stiff, be absorbed in
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1712 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 凝縮 【ギョウシュク】 condensation (of ideas, emotions, etc.), condensation (of a vapour or gas)
  • 凝固 【ギョウコ】 coagulation, freezing, solidification

Kun reading compounds

  • 凝る 【こる】 to become stiff (of muscles), to get absorbed in, to develop a passion for, to devote oneself to, to become obsessed with, to get hooked on, to be elaborate, to be intricate, to be exquisite, to be particular about, to pay great attention to
  • 凝らす 【こらす】 to concentrate, to focus on, to devote, to apply oneself, to stiffen, to become tense
  • 凝らす 【こごらす】 to freeze, to congeal, to concentrate one's attention on, to devote oneself to something, to ponder, to meditate
  • 凝らせる 【こごらせる】 to freeze, to congeal
  • 凝る 【こごる】 to congeal, to gelatinize, to jellify, to jell, to gell, to freeze


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • rigidez
  • endurecimiento
  • entumecimiento
  • endurecerse
  • ser absorbido
  • crecer erecto


  • congelar
  • geada
  • rígida
  • seja absorvida em


  • congeler
  • geler
  • rigide
  • être absorbé
  • coagulation
1175 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1845 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
652 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1370 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1083 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2431 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1518 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1619 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1790 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
169 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
198 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
154 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1424 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1720 Morohashi
175 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
431 New Nelson (John Haig)
1412 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1515 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1821 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
370 2001 Kanji
2b14.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-14 SKIP code
3718.1 Four corner code
1-22-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51dd Unicode hex code