10 strokes
concurrently, and, beforehand, in advance
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1164 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 兼 【ケン】 cum (e.g. bedroom-cum-study), and (concurrently; e.g. chauffeur and secretary), in addition to, at the same time
  • 兼任 【ケンニン】 serving concurrently as, holding the additional post of

Kun reading compounds

  • 兼ねる 【かねる】 to be unable to, to find difficult (unpleasant, awkward, painful) to do, to serve two or more functions or roles simultaneously, to contain (or combine) two or more features, to work in two or more jobs simultaneously (positions, etc.), to do alongside, to hesitate to do something (out of consideration for others), to think of the future (as well as the present)


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • concurrentemente
  • y
  • además
  • por añadidura
  • agarrar
  • coger
  • combinarse


  • Concorrentemente
  • e


  • simultanément
  • et
  • cumuler
769 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
850 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1042 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
598 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
669 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1078 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1268 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1081 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1129 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1324 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
765 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2850 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1469 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1979 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1611 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1483 Morohashi
2286 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
381 New Nelson (John Haig)
1597 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1723 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1307 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
964 2001 Kanji
2o8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
8023.7 Four corner code
1-23-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
517c Unicode hex code