8 strokes
harden, set, clot, curdle
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
750 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 固体 【コタイ】 solid (body), solid matter, solid-state
  • 固形 【コケイ】 solid (body)
  • 凝固 【ギョウコ】 coagulation, freezing, solidification
  • 簡明強固 【カンメイキョウコ】 plain and sturdy

Kun reading compounds

  • 固める 【かためる】 to harden, to freeze, to strengthen, to solidify, to make (a fist), to tramp down (snow, dirt), to put together, to collect, to gather, to consolidate, to make secure, to stabilize, to settle down, to strengthen (belief, resolution, etc.), to establish (evidence), to fortify, to reinforce, to support, to wear for a specific purpose (armor, coat, etc.), to swear, to resolutely vow, to sincerely promise, to tie tightly, to fasten, to hold a bow fully drawn
  • 固まる 【かたまる】 to harden, to solidify, to become firm, to become certain, to gather (together), to assemble, to huddle together, to freeze, to hang, to stop responding
  • 塊 【かたまり】 lump, mass, bundle, clump, clod, cluster, group, crowd, embodiment (of an idea, quality, feeling etc.), personification
  • 塊肉 【かたまりにく】 chunk of meat (e.g. for grilling), joint of meat
  • 硬い 【かたい】 hard, solid, tough, stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing), strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved), safe, steady, honest, steadfast, obstinate, stubborn, bookish, formal, stuffy
  • かたいことは言いっこなし 【かたいことはいいっこなし】 let's put formalities aside, let's not speak so stiffly


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • endurecer
  • fijar
  • terco
  • testarudo
  • originario de


  • endurecer
  • aglomerar
  • coágulo
  • coagular


  • solide
  • durcir
  • résolu
  • coaguler
  • cailler
393 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
501 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
476 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
834 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1036 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
738 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
424 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
744 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
972 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1004 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
470 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
343 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3830 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1963 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2658 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
587 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4745 Morohashi
3086 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
949 New Nelson (John Haig)
580 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
622 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
503 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1577 2001 Kanji
3s5.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6060.4 Four corner code
1-24-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fa Unicode hex code