Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, subordinate, lower order (e.g. byte), low-end
  • 城下 【ジョウカ】 land near a castle, castle town
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下宿 【ゲシュク】 boarding, lodging, boarding house
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下着 【したぎ】 underwear
  • 床下 【ゆかした】 under the floor
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下手 【しもて】 lower part, foot, lower direction, left part of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage right (actor's POV)
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (esp. influence or guidance)
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 home territory of a powerful figure, Imperial Court, businessman's turf, Shogun's headquarters
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train (going away from Tokyo), down-slope, downward going
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 descent, downhill, decline, waning
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw money from an account, to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
hand
Kun:
て--てた-
On:
シュ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
60 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 手段 【シュダン】 means, way, measure
  • 手術 【シュジュツ】 surgery, operation, procedure
  • 上手 【ジョウズ】 skillful, skilled, proficient, good (at), adept, clever, flattery
  • 着手 【チャクシュ】 to start work (on), to undertake, to start committing a crime, embarkation, launch
  • 上手 【ジョウズ】 skillful, skilled, proficient, good (at), adept, clever, flattery
  • 交際上手 【コウサイジョウズ】 good at socializing, sociability, being a good mixer

Kun reading compounds

  • 手 【て】 hand, arm, forepaw, foreleg, handle, hand, worker, help, trouble, care, effort, means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship, hand, handwriting, kind, type, sort, one's hands, one's possession, ability to cope, hand (of cards), direction, move (in go, shogi, etc.)
  • 手紙 【てがみ】 letter
  • 上手 【じょうず】 skillful, skilled, proficient, good (at), adept, clever, flattery
  • 平手 【ひらて】 palm, open hand, playing on equal terms, lack of handicap

Readings

Chinese:
shou3
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • mano

Portuguese

  • mão

French

  • main
28 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
35 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
32 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
42 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1827 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
37 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
54 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
118 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.19 Japanese for Busy People
57 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
57 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
170 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
847 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4267 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2155 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2907 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
644 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11768 Morohashi
3456 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2060 New Nelson (John Haig)
637 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
687 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
57 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
30 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2247 2001 Kanji
3c0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
2-1-3 SKIP code
2050.0 Four corner code
28-74 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
624b Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
sideways, side, horizontal, width, woof, unreasonable, perverse
Kun:
よこ
On:
オウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
480 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 横領者 【オウリョウシャ】 embezzler
  • 横線 【オウセン】 horizontal line, abscissa
  • 専横 【センオウ】 arbitrariness, despotism, high-handedness, tyranny
  • 正横 【セイオウ】 abeam

Kun reading compounds

  • 横 【よこ】 horizontal (as opposed to vertical), lying down, side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back), width, breadth, side (of a box, etc.), beside, aside, next to, unconnected
  • 横切る 【よこぎる】 to cross (e.g. road), to traverse
  • 真横 【まよこ】 directly horizontal, right beside
  • 右横 【みぎよこ】 right side

Readings

Chinese:
heng2, heng4
Korean:
hoeng

Spanish

  • lateral
  • lado
  • horizontal
  • egoísta
  • incorrecto
  • costado

Portuguese

  • De lado
  • lado
  • horizontal
  • largura
  • trama (tecidos)

French

  • latéral
  • côté
  • horizontal
  • largeur
  • trame (tissu)
355 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
255 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
235 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
297 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2361 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
470 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
644 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2301 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
781 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
795 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
34 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1111 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1350 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
733 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
979 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1767 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15484P Morohashi
1066 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2854 New Nelson (John Haig)
1751 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1888 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
432 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1861 2001 Kanji
4a11.13 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-11 SKIP code
4498.6 Four corner code
18-3 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6a2a Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
fond, pleasing, like something
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
423 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 好 【コウ】 good
  • 幸運 【コウウン】 good luck, fortune
  • 友好 【ユウコウ】 friendship
  • 嗜好 【シコウ】 taste, liking, preference

Kun reading compounds

  • 好む 【このむ】 to like, to prefer
  • 好むと好まざるとにかかわらず 【このむとこのまざるとにかかわらず】 whether one likes it or not
  • 好く 【すく】 to like, to love, to be fond of
  • 良い 【よい】 good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable, sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared, profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial, OK
  • いい子 【いいこ】 good boy, good girl
  • いい加減 【いいかげん】 irresponsible, perfunctory, careless, lukewarm, half-baked, halfhearted, vague, reasonable, moderate (usu. in suggestions or orders), considerably, quite, rather, pretty
  • いい加減にする 【いいかげんにする】 to put an end to something, to get something over with, to quit something one has been engaged in too long or to an excessive degree

Readings

Japanese names:
こ、 たか、 とし、 よし
Chinese:
hao3, hao4
Korean:
ho

Spanish

  • agradable
  • gustar algo
  • gustar
  • preferir

Portuguese

  • apaixonado
  • agradável
  • gostar

French

  • aimer bien
  • apprécié
  • agréable
503 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
859 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
308 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1191 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
882 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
152 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
413 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
104 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
104 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
244 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
432 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
240 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
155 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
184 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
100 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6053 Morohashi
208 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1180 New Nelson (John Haig)
99 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
103 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
262 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
465 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1747 2001 Kanji
3e2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
1-3-2 SKIP code
4744.7 Four corner code
25-5 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
597d Unicode hex code