10 strokes
grass 艸 (艹)
splendor, flower, petal, shine, luster, ostentatious, showy, gay, gorgeous
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1085 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 華 【カ】 flashiness, showiness, brilliance, splendor, bloom, flowers
  • 華麗 【カレイ】 splendid, magnificent, gorgeous
  • 献花 【ケンカ】 flower offering, floral tribute, laying flowers
  • 精華 【セイカ】 essence, quintessence, flower, glory
  • 華厳 【ケゴン】 avatamsa (flower adornment, as a metaphor for becoming a buddha), Avatamska sutra, Kegon (sect of Buddhism)
  • 花かご 【ハナカゴ】 flower basket, flower basket (or plate) used for flower-scattering rituals
  • 法華 【ホッケ】 Nichiren sect, Tendai sect, Lotus Sutra
  • 天花 【テンゲ】 flowers that bloom in the heavens, paper flowers scattered before the Buddha's image

Kun reading compounds

  • 花 【はな】 flower, blossom, bloom, petal, cherry blossom, beauty, blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), ikebana, hanafuda, (the) best, glorious, lovely
  • 華やか 【はなやか】 bright and beautiful, gorgeous, showy, brilliant, splendid, gay, colorful, flowery, prosperous, flourishing, thriving
  • 武士道の華 【ぶしどうのはな】 flower of chivalry (Bushido)
  • 雪の花 【ゆきのはな】 snowdrop (Galanthus spp.), snow falling like flower petals, snow on a tree resembling a flower, red snow


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua2, hua4, hua1


  • flor
  • pétalo
  • esplendor
  • vistoso


  • esplendor
  • flor
  • pétala
  • brilho
  • lustre
  • ostentação
  • gritante
  • alegre
  • maravilhoso


  • splendeur
  • fleur
  • pétale
  • briller
  • lustre
  • ostentatoire
  • voyant
  • magnifique
1046 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
807 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3955 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1409 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1704 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1266 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1074 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1122 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
656 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2841 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1465 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1973 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1595 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31119 Morohashi
2283 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5058 New Nelson (John Haig)
1581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1704 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1386 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1955 2001 Kanji
3k7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
4-10-4 SKIP code
2-4-6 SKIP code
4450.4 Four corner code
1-18-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83ef Unicode hex code