14 strokes
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
hate, detest
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1808 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 憎悪 【ゾウオ】 hatred, abhorrence, loathing, detestation
  • 憎悪犯罪 【ゾウオハンザイ】 hate crime

Kun reading compounds

  • 憎む 【にくむ】 to hate, to detest
  • 憎い 【にくい】 hateful, abominable, poor-looking, detestable, amazing, fantastic, admirable, lovely, wonderful
  • 憎らしい 【にくらしい】 odious, hateful, detestable, horrible, (speaking ironically) darling
  • 憎しみ 【にくしみ】 hatred
  • 憎しみ合う 【にくしみあう】 to hate each other, to hate mutually


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • odiar
  • detestar


  • odiar
  • detesta


  • haine
  • détester
1532 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1775 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1757 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1217 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
548 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1365 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1452 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1462 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
828 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
845 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
489 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
626 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
633 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11188P Morohashi
687 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1969 New Nelson (John Haig)
626 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
673 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1704 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1178 2001 Kanji
4k11.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
9806.6 Four corner code
1-33-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
618e Unicode hex code