7 strokes
woman, female
disturb, prevent, hamper, obstruct
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1482 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 妨害 【ボウガイ】 obstruction, hindrance, blocking, disturbance, interference, interruption, jamming (a signal)
  • 妨害機 【ボウガイキ】 jammer (e.g. radio signals), interceptor (aircraft)
  • 公妨 【コウボウ】 interference with a public servant in the execution of his or her duties
  • 転び公妨 【コロビコウボウ】 falsely-provoked arrest for obstruction, police pretending to be knocked down so as to have grounds for an arrest

Kun reading compounds

  • 妨げる 【さまたげる】 to disturb, to prevent, to obstruct, to hinder


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fang2, fang1


  • molestia
  • estorbo
  • obstrucción
  • molestar
  • estorbar
  • obstruir


  • perturbar
  • prevenir
  • atrasar
  • obstruir


  • empêcher
  • gêner
  • obstruction
  • déranger
  • entraver
  • brouiller (radio)
  • saboter
1808 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1508 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1196 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1674 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1190 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1182 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1241 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
784 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
436 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
279 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
175 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
209 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
502 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6111 Morohashi
238 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1187 New Nelson (John Haig)
491 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
530 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1113 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1745 2001 Kanji
3e4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
4042.7 Four corner code
1-43-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
59a8 Unicode hex code