Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, clarity, acumen, power of vision
  • 明確 【メイカク】 clear, precise, definite, distinct
  • 文明 【ブンメイ】 civilization, civilisation, culture, Bunmei era (1469.4.28-1487.7.20)
  • 松明 【タイマツ】 torch (made of pine, bamboo, reed, etc.), flambeau, torchlight
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (4th of July, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明かり窓 【あかりまど】 transom, skylight, dormer window
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 bright, colourful, cheerful, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), fair (e.g. politics), clean
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to be refreshed
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 obvious, evident, clear, plain
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (e.g. the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Chinese:
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
109 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治安 【ジアン】 Jian era (1021.2.2-1024.7.13)
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 政党政治 【セイトウセイジ】 party politics
  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治癒 【チユ】 healing, cure, recovery
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 地方自治 【チホウジチ】 local (governmental) autonomy

Kun reading compounds

  • 治める 【おさめる】 to govern, to manage, to subdue
  • 治まる 【おさまる】 to die down (storm, anger, conflict, etc.), to calm down, to cool off, to abate, to be settled, to be brought under control, to be at peace, to be governed well, to subside (of pain, symptoms, etc.), to be alleviated, to get better, to ease off
  • 治る 【なおる】 to be cured, to get well, to be healed, to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again (after -masu base of verb), to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform

Readings

Japanese names:
し、 ぢ、 はり、 はる、 みち
Chinese:
zhi4
Korean:
chi

Spanish

  • reinar
  • gobernar
  • política
  • curar
  • calmar
  • curarse

Portuguese

  • reino
  • estar em paz
  • acalmar-se
  • subjugar
  • domar
  • governo
  • cura
  • regra
  • conservar

French

  • règne
  • être en paix
  • se calmer
  • maîtriser
  • réprimer
  • gouvernement
  • guérir
  • réparer
  • préserver
468 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
527 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
544 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
181 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2528 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
214 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
672 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
825 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
493 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
502 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
531 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1174 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
393 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
250 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
297 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17256 Morohashi
335 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3100 New Nelson (John Haig)
746 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
807 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
88 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
506 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
377 2001 Kanji
3a5.28 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3316.0 Four corner code
28-3 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cbb Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
east
Kun:
ひがし
On:
トウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
37 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 東洋 【トウヨウ】 Orient
  • 東西 【トウザイ】 east and west, Orient and Occident, East and West, Ladies and Gentlemen!, Your attention, please!, roll-up, roll-up
  • 北北東 【ホクホクトウ】 north-northeast, north-north-east
  • 東北東 【トウホクトウ】 east-northeast, ENE

Kun reading compounds

  • 東 【ひがし】 east
  • 東西 【とうざい】 east and west, Orient and Occident, East and West, Ladies and Gentlemen!, Your attention, please!, roll-up, roll-up

Readings

Japanese names:
あい、 あがり、 あずま、 あづま、 こ、 さき、 しの、 とお、 はる、 ひが、 もと
Chinese:
dong1
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • Este

Portuguese

  • Oriente

French

  • Est
121 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
201 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
184 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
11 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
213 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
27 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
63 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
771 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
71 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
71 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
39 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1053 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4385 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2221 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2987 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
516 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14499 Morohashi
3568 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2596 New Nelson (John Haig)
504 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
543 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
108 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
164 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1564 2001 Kanji
0a8.9 The Kanji Dictionary
4-8-3 SKIP code
5090.6 Four corner code
37-76 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6771 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
lid
Parts:
Variants:
capital, 10**16
Kun:
みやこ
On:
キョウケイキン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
74 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 京 【キョウ】 imperial capital (esp. Kyoto), final word of an iroha-uta, 10^16, 10,000,000,000,000,000, ten quadrillion
  • 京都 【キョウト】 Kyoto
  • 帰京 【キキョウ】 returning to Tokyo, returning to the capital
  • 帝京 【テイキョウ】 the capital
  • 京 【キョウ】 imperial capital (esp. Kyoto), final word of an iroha-uta, 10^16, 10,000,000,000,000,000, ten quadrillion
  • 京葉 【ケイヨウ】 Tokyo and Chiba
  • キン族 【キンゾク】 Kinh (people), Vietnamese (people)
  • 南京 【ナンキン】 Nanking, Nanjing, pumpkin, squash, Chinese, Southeast Asian, foreign, rare, precious, cute

Kun reading compounds

  • 都 【みやこ】 capital, metropolis, seat of government, capital (of music, fashion, etc.), city (e.g. of light), location of the Imperial Palace
  • 長岡京 【ながおかきょう】 Japanese capital founded by emperor Kammu in 784, but abandoned 10 years later in favour of Heian

Readings

Japanese names:
たか
Chinese:
jing1
Korean:
gyeong

Spanish

  • capital

Portuguese

  • capital
  • 10 elevado a 16

French

  • capitale
  • 10**16
63 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
110 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
99 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
16 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
295 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
172 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
109 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
663 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
189 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
189 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
233 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
39 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2546 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1297 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1766 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
318 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
299 Morohashi
2052 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
93 New Nelson (John Haig)
312 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
334 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
303 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
157 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
441 2001 Kanji
2j6.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-6 SKIP code
0090.6 Four corner code
21-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4eac Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
ground, earth
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
40 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 地 【チ】 earth, ground, land, soil, place, territory, bottom (of a package, book, etc.), earth (one of the five elements)
  • 地下鉄 【チカテツ】 underground train, subway
  • 基地 【キチ】 base (military, expedition, etc.)
  • 実地 【ジッチ】 practice (as opposed to theory), actual practice, actual site, (at) the scene, (on) the spot
  • 地 【ジ】 ground, land, earth, soil, the region in question, the local area, skin, texture, fabric, material, weave, base, background, one's true nature, narrative (i.e. descriptive part of a story), real life, actuality, (in the game of go) captured territory, noh chorus, (in Japanese dance) accompaniment music, (in Japanese music) basic phrase (usu. repetitive), base part (of multiple shamisens)
  • 地震 【ジシン】 earthquake
  • 下地 【シタジ】 groundwork, foundation, inclination, aptitude, elementary knowledge (of), grounding (in), undercoat, first coat, soy sauce
  • 築地 【ツイジ】 mud wall with a roof, roofed mud wall

Readings

Japanese names:
どま
Chinese:
di4, de5
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • terreno
  • posición

Portuguese

  • terra
  • chão

French

  • sol
  • terre
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
184 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
40 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1056 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
143 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
143 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
241 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
118 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
118 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
146 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
367 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
236 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
152 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
521 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4890 Morohashi
204 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
976 New Nelson (John Haig)
515 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
554 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
45 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
130 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1456 2001 Kanji
3b3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
4411.2 Four corner code
35-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5730 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
rain
Parts:
quake, shake, tremble, quiver, shiver
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
893 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 震 【シン】 zhen (one of the trigrams of the I Ching: thunder, east)
  • 震源 【シンゲン】 hypocentre (of an earthquake), hypocenter
  • 微震 【ビシン】 slight earthquake
  • 軽震 【ケイシン】 weak earthquake

Kun reading compounds

  • 震う 【ふるう】 to shake, to tremble, to vibrate
  • 震える 【ふるえる】 to shiver, to shake, to quake, to tremble, to quaver, to quiver

Readings

Chinese:
zhen4
Korean:
jin

Spanish

  • temblar
  • estremecerse
  • agitar
  • sacudir

Portuguese

  • tremor
  • agitar
  • tremer
  • estremecimento
  • calafrio

French

  • tremblement
  • secouer
  • frémir
  • frissonner
1444 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
800 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5055 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1123 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
999 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2577 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
953 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
983 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
847 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1866 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3481 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1794 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2443 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
2029 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42300 Morohashi
2806 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6531 New Nelson (John Haig)
2010 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2166 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1814 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3165 2001 Kanji
8d7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-8-7 SKIP code
1023.2 Four corner code
31-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9707 Unicode hex code