Jisho

×

西

6 strokes
Radical:
west 西 (襾, 覀)
Parts:
西
Variants:
west, Spain
Kun:
にし
On:
セイサイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
259 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 西 【セイ】 Spain
  • 西洋 【セイヨウ】 the west, Western countries
  • 南西 【ナンセイ】 southwest
  • 北北西 【ホクホクセイ】 north-northwest
  • 西方 【セイホウ】 western direction, Western Pure Land (Amitabha's Buddhist paradise), western fighter in a match (e.g. sumo)
  • 西遊 【セイユウ】 westward trip, trip to the West
  • 西瓜 【スイカ】 watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)
  • 西班牙 【スペイン】 Spain

Kun reading compounds

  • 西 【にし】 west
  • 西日 【にしび】 westering sun, setting sun
  • 南西 【なんせい】 southwest
  • 東は東西は西 【ひがしはひがしにしはにし】 East is East, and West is West

Readings

Japanese names:
いり、 ひし、 むら
Chinese:
xi1
Korean:
seo

Spanish

  • Oeste
  • España

Portuguese

  • oeste
  • Espanha

French

  • Ouest
  • Espagne
96 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
169 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
152 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
167 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4273 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
28 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
83 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
336 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
72 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
72 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1638 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4333 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2193 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2951 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1616 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34763 Morohashi
3520 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5514 New Nelson (John Haig)
1602 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1728 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
198 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
128 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3275 2001 Kanji
0a6.20 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-1 SKIP code
1060.0 Four corner code
32-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
897f Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
clothes 衣 (衤)
Parts:
surface, table, chart, diagram
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
77 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 表 【ヒョウ】 table (e.g. Table 1), chart, list
  • 表現 【ヒョウゲン】 expression, presentation, representation, notation
  • 一覧表 【イチランヒョウ】 list, table, schedule, catalogue, catalog
  • 意表 【イヒョウ】 surprise, something unexpected

Kun reading compounds

  • 表 【おもて】 surface, face (i.e. the visible side of an object), front (of a building, etc.), obverse side (i.e. "head") of a coin, outside, exterior, appearance, public, first half (of an inning), top (of an inning), cover (for tatami mats, etc.), foreground
  • 表向き 【おもてむき】 outward appearance, ostensible, public, official
  • 京表 【きょうおもて】 vicinity of Kyoto
  • 中表 【なかおもて】 cloth folded inside out
  • 表す 【あらわす】 to represent, to signify, to stand for, to reveal, to show, to display, to express, to make widely known
  • 現れる 【あらわれる】 to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise, to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
  • 表す 【あらわす】 to represent, to signify, to stand for, to reveal, to show, to display, to express, to make widely known

Readings

Chinese:
biao3
Korean:
pyo

Spanish

  • superficie
  • tabla
  • diagrama
  • expresar
  • mostrar

Portuguese

  • superfície
  • tabela
  • gráfico
  • diagrama

French

  • surface (apparente)
  • face
  • tableau
  • graphique
  • diagramme
309 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
402 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
379 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
124 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
108 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
308 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
879 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
914 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
272 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
272 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
437 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1620 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3083 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2151 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1560 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34105 Morohashi
2429 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5422 New Nelson (John Haig)
1546 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1666 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
178 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
311 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1465 2001 Kanji
0a8.6 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-4 SKIP code
5073.2 Four corner code
41-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8868 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
chrysanthemum
On:
キク
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1287 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 菊 【キク】 chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium)
  • 菊花 【キッカ】 chrysanthemum
  • 一菊 【イッキク】 one scoop (of water)
  • 十日の菊 【トオカノキク】 something that comes too late and is useless, like a chrysanthemum prepared for the ninth day of the ninth month of the lunar calendar for the Chrysanthemum festival but that blooms only on the tenth

Readings

Chinese:
ju2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • crisantemo

Portuguese

  • crisântemo

French

  • chrysanthème
1141 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1082 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3981 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1158 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1702 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1451 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
475 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
483 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1833 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
658 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2875 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1483 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1999 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
936 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31153P Morohashi
2303 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5096 New Nelson (John Haig)
927 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
996 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1479 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1952 2001 Kanji
3k8.30 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-8 SKIP code
4492.7 Four corner code
21-38 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83ca Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
leaf
Parts:
head, counter for large animals
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
433 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle)
  • 頭取 【トウドリ】 (bank) president, greenroom manager (in a theater)
  • 教頭 【キョウトウ】 deputy head teacher, vice principal
  • 会頭 【カイトウ】 society president
  • 頭 【コウベ】 head
  • 頭痛 【ズツウ】 headache
  • 竜頭 【リュウズ】 crown (of a watch), stem, cannon (of a bell)
  • 飛竜頭 【ヒリョウズ】 filhos (traditional Portuguese dessert), deep-fried tofu mixed with thinly sliced vegetables
  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle)
  • 頭取 【トウドリ】 (bank) president, greenroom manager (in a theater)
  • 鳥兜 【トリカブト】 aconite (esp. species Aconitum japonicum), wolfsbane, monkshood, traditional bugaku hat

Kun reading compounds

  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭打ち 【あたまうち】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 石頭 【いしあたま】 inflexible person
  • ごま塩頭 【ごましおあたま】 salt and pepper hair, dark hair streaked with gray
  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭文字 【かしらもじ】 first letter of a word, capital letter (at the start of a word or sentence), initials (of one's name)
  • 鯛の尾より鰯の頭 【たいのおよりいわしのかしら】 Better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion
  • め組の頭 【めぐみのかしら】 fire brigade chief (in Edo), chief fireman
  • 頭 【こうべ】 head
  • 頭を振る 【かぶりをふる】 to shake one's head (in denial)

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ、 がみ、 ちゃん、 つむり、 づ
Chinese:
tou2, tou5
Korean:
du

Spanish

  • cabeza
  • principio
  • delantera

Portuguese

  • cabeça
  • sufixo para contagem de animais grandes

French

  • tête
  • compteur de gros animaux
294 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
203 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
186 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
386 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4469 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
519 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
275 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2504 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
276 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
276 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
166 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1889 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2019 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1073 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1450 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1453 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43490 Morohashi
1604 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6639 New Nelson (John Haig)
1441 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1549 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
234 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
238 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3061 2001 Kanji
9a7.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-9 SKIP code
1118.6 Four corner code
38-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
982d Unicode hex code

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 蝙蝠 【コウモリ】 bat (Chiroptera spp.), umbrella, opportunist, turncoat

Kun reading compounds

  • 蝙蝠 【こうもり】 bat (Chiroptera spp.), umbrella, opportunist, turncoat
  • 蝙蝠蛾 【こうもりが】 swift moth (Hepialidae spp., esp. Endoclita excrescens)

Readings

Chinese:
bian1
Korean:
pyeon

Spanish

Portuguese

French

4168 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
33271X Morohashi
5360 New Nelson (John Haig)
6d9.14 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-9 SKIP code
5312.7 Four corner code
73-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8759 Unicode hex code

Speed

Stroke order

Readings

Chinese:
fu2
Korean:
bog

Spanish

Portuguese

French

4163 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
33288 Morohashi
5353 New Nelson (John Haig)
6d9.12 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-9 SKIP code
5116.6 Four corner code
73-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8760 Unicode hex code