Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
tears, sympathy
Kun:
なみだ
On:
ルイレイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1381 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 涙腺 【ルイセン】 tear gland, lacrimal gland
  • 涙液 【ルイエキ】 lacrimal fluid, tears
  • 催涙 【サイルイ】 lacrimator, dacryagogue, tear-inducing agent
  • 感涙 【カンルイ】 tears (from being deeply moved), tears of gratitude

Kun reading compounds

  • 涙 【なみだ】 tear, tears, lachrymal secretion, sympathy
  • 涙ぐましい 【なみだぐましい】 touching, moving, painful
  • 雀の涙 【すずめのなみだ】 drop in the bucket, very small quantity, chicken feed, insignificant amount, sparrow tears
  • 悔し涙 【くやしなみだ】 tears of regret, bitter tears, vexation, chagrin

Readings

Chinese:
lei4
Korean:
ru

Spanish

  • lágrima
  • compasión
  • consolación

Portuguese

  • lágrimas
  • simpatia

French

  • larme
  • compassion
1916 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1360 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2569 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1200 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
687 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1062 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1239 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1305 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1081 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1201 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
528 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
324 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
399 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1091 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17573P Morohashi
440 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3154 New Nelson (John Haig)
1082 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1163 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1361 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
363 2001 Kanji
3a7.21 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
3313.4 Four corner code
46-62 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d99 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
victory, win, prevail, excel
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
185 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 勝 【ショウ】 win, victory, beautiful scenery, scenic spot, counter for wins
  • 勝敗 【ショウハイ】 victory or defeat, issue (of battle), outcome
  • 必勝 【ヒッショウ】 certain victory
  • 快勝 【カイショウ】 sweeping victory, easy victory

Kun reading compounds

  • 勝つ 【かつ】 to win, to gain victory
  • 褐色 【かちいろ】 dark indigo (almost black)
  • 勝る 【まさる】 to excel, to surpass, to exceed, to have an edge, to be superior, to outrival, to outweigh, to preponderate
  • 優るとも劣らない 【まさるともおとらない】 not at all inferior to, rival or surpass, compare favorably (with)
  • 優れる 【すぐれる】 to surpass, to outstrip, to excel
  • 勝つ 【かつ】 to win, to gain victory
  • 褐色 【かちいろ】 dark indigo (almost black)

Readings

Japanese names:
かち、 と、 よし
Chinese:
sheng4, sheng1
Korean:
seung

Spanish

  • ganar
  • sobresalir

Portuguese

  • vitória
  • vencer
  • prevalecer
  • superar

French

  • victoire
  • gagner
  • l'emporter
  • surpasser
250 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
335 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
319 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
197 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3787 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
266 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
373 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1613 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
509 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
518 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
263 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
224 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1268 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
686 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
918 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1217 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2409 Morohashi
1005 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
553 New Nelson (John Haig)
1209 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1294 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
419 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
401 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3945 2001 Kanji
4b8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-8 SKIP code
7922.7 Four corner code
30-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
52dd Unicode hex code