Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国民 【コクミン】 nation, nationality, people, citizen
  • 国語 【コクゴ】 national language, Japanese language (often as a school subject in Japan), native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords)
  • 不法入国 【フホウニュウコク】 illegal entry (intro a country), illegal immigration
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国境 【こっきょう】 national border, provincial border
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 根堅州国 【ねのかたすくに】 underworld, netherworld

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Chinese:
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際限 【サイゲン】 limits, end, bounds
  • 国際 【コクサイ】 international
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
part, minute of time, segment, share, degree, one's lot, duty, understand, know, rate, 1%, chances, shaku/100
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
24 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 分 【ブン】 part, segment, share, ration, rate, degree, one's lot, one's status, relation, duty, kind, lot, in proportion to, just as much as
  • 分析 【ブンセキ】 analysis
  • 当分 【トウブン】 for the present, for the time being, for a while, for some time
  • 養分 【ヨウブン】 nourishment, nutrient
  • 分 【フン】 minute (unit of time), fun (one tenth of a monme, 5.787 grains)
  • 分別 【フンベツ】 discretion, prudence, good sense, judgement, judgment, wisdom, discernment
  • 毎分 【マイフン】 every minute, per minute
  • 壊変毎分 【カイヘンマイフン】 disintegration per minute, dpm
  • 分 【ブ】 one-tenth, one percent (one-tenth of a wari), 3 mm (one-tenth of a sun), 2.4 mm (one-tenth of a mon, a traditional unit used to measure shoe sizes), 0.1 degree (one-tenth of a do, used to measure body temperature on any temperature scale), one-quarter of a ryou (obsolete unit of currency), thickness, advantageous circumstances, one-tenth of a monme of silver
  • 分 【ブン】 part, segment, share, ration, rate, degree, one's lot, one's status, relation, duty, kind, lot, in proportion to, just as much as
  • 一分 【イチブ】 one tenth, one hundredth, one percent, one tenth of a sun, one quarter ryou (an old coin)
  • 節分 【セツブン】 last day of winter in the traditional Japanese calendar (usually February 3 or 4), holiday for end of winter (accompanied by a bean scattering ceremony), last day of any season (according to the traditional Japanese calendar)

Kun reading compounds

  • 分ける 【わける】 to divide (into), to split (into), to part, to separate, to divide up, to classify, to sort out, to divide out, to share, to distribute, to deal out, to dish out, to distinguish, to discriminate, to differentiate (between), to break up (a fight), to mediate, to call a draw, to tie, to push one's way through (a crowd), to sell
  • 分け 【わけ】 sharing, division, draw, tie
  • 分ける 【わける】 to divide (into), to split (into), to part, to separate, to divide up, to classify, to sort out, to divide out, to share, to distribute, to deal out, to dish out, to distinguish, to discriminate, to differentiate (between), to break up (a fight), to mediate, to call a draw, to tie, to push one's way through (a crowd), to sell
  • 申し訳 【もうしわけ】 apology, excuse
  • 追分 【おいわけ】 forked road
  • 分かれる 【わかれる】 to branch, to fork, to diverge, to separate, to split, to divide, to disperse, to scatter
  • 分かる 【わかる】 to understand, to comprehend, to grasp, to see, to get, to follow, to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
  • 分かつ 【わかつ】 to divide, to separate, to share, to distribute, to distinguish

Readings

Japanese names:
いた、 わけ
Chinese:
fen1, fen4
Korean:
bun

Spanish

  • parte
  • segmento
  • minuto
  • dividir
  • separar

Portuguese

  • parte
  • minuto
  • segmento
  • grau
  • dever
  • compreender
  • saber
  • valor
  • 1%
  • oportunidades
  • shaku/100

French

  • portion
  • minute
  • section
  • part
  • degré
  • son lot dans la vie
  • comprendre
  • savoir
  • devoir
  • taux
  • 1%
  • chances
  • bu = 1/100 de shaku = 3.03 mm
133 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
218 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
199 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
35 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
578 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
35 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
22 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
64 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.2 Japanese for Busy People
38 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
38 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
26 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
180 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2466 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1247 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1713 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
788 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1853 Morohashi
1972 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
454 New Nelson (John Haig)
781 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
844 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
28 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
101 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2045 2001 Kanji
2o2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8022.7 Four corner code
42-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5206 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
business, vocation, arts, performance
Kun:
わざ
On:
ギョウゴウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
43 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 業 【ギョウ】 work, business, company, agency, study
  • 業者 【ギョウシャ】 trader, merchant, vendor, supplier, manufacturer, contractor
  • 失業 【シツギョウ】 unemployment, losing one's job, becoming unemployed
  • 自営業 【ジエイギョウ】 independent business, self-employment
  • 業 【ゴウ】 karma (i.e. actions committed in a former life)
  • 業因 【ゴウイン】 karma
  • 兼業 【ケンギョウ】 side line, second business
  • 罪業 【ザイゴウ】 sin, iniquity, crime

Kun reading compounds

  • 業 【わざ】 deed, act, work, performance
  • 業師 【わざし】 tricky wrestler, shrewd fellow
  • 寝技 【ねわざ】 (in wrestling or judo) pinning technique, underhanded dealings
  • 投げ技 【なげわざ】 throw or throwing technique (sumo, judo)

Readings

Japanese names:
なり、 のぶ
Chinese:
ye4
Korean:
eob

Spanish

  • negocio
  • industria
  • trabajo

Portuguese

  • negócios
  • vocação
  • artes
  • performance

French

  • activité
  • vocation
  • arts
  • représentation
  • karma
380 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
278 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
260 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
54 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
143 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
292 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
199 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2024 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.1 Japanese for Busy People
279 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
279 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
307 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1066 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3227 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1674 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2265 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1809 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15170 Morohashi
2612 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2789 New Nelson (John Haig)
1792 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1931 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
74 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
419 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1064 2001 Kanji
0a13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
3290.4 Four corner code
22-40 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
696d Unicode hex code