Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Intransitive verb
1. to be (animate); to be; to existUsually written using kana alone, Humble (kenjougo) language
  • わたし私の
  • あと後から
  • きた来る
  • かた
  • わたし
  • まさ優る
  • かた
  • である
  • わたし
  • より
  • さき
  • おられた
  • から
  • である
  • 。」
  • いった
  • このかたこの方
  • こと
  • です
  • This was he of whom I said, "He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me."
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Auxiliary verb
2. to be ..ingafter the -te form of a verb; indicates continuing action or state
  • おかげで
  • げんき元気
  • して
  • おります
  • They're all fine, thank you.
Godan verb with 'ru' ending, Auxiliary verb
3. to (have the audacity to) doSee also やがる, after -masu base of verb; indicates contempt or disdain for another's actions


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